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iDefense Security Advisory 06.11.08: Multiple Vendor X Server MIT-SHM Extension Information Disclosure Vulnerability
iDefense Security Advisory 06.11.08
Jun 11, 2008
The X Window System is a graphical windowing system based on a
client/server model. More information about about The X Window system
is available at the following link.
Local exploitation of an information disclosure vulnerability in the
X.Org X server, as included in various vendors' operating system
distributions, could allow an attacker to gain access to sensitive
information stored in server memory.
The vulnerability exists when creating a Pixmap in the fbShmPutImage()
function. The width and height of the Pixmap, which are controlled by
the user, are not properly validated to ensure that the Pixmap they
define are within the bounds of the shared memory segment. This allows
an attacker to read arbitrary areas of memory in the X server process.
Exploitation allows an attacker to read arbitrary memory within the X
Server's address space. By itself, the impact of this vulnerability is
minimal. However, when coupled with a code execution vulnerability,
this vulnerability can be used to greatly increase the reliability of
an exploit. Additionally, this vulnerability can be used to crash the
server. If the server automatically restarts, this can be useful since
it resets the state of the server to a known state.
If an X Server is configured to listen for TCP based client connections,
and a client is granted access to create sessions (via the xhosts file),
then the vulnerability can be exploited remotely.
iDefense has confirmed the existence of this vulnerability in X server
1.4 included with X.org X11R7.3, with all patches as of 03/01/08
applied. Previous versions may also be affected.
Access to the vulnerable code can be prevented by preventing the X
server from loading the MIT-SHM extension. However, doing so may impair
the functionality of the server. Adding the following lines to the X
configuration file will disable the MIT-SHM extension:
Option "MIT-SHM" "disable"
VI. VENDOR RESPONSE
The X.Org team has addressed this vulnerability by releasing patches for
version 1.4 of the X server. For more information, consult the X.Org
advisory at the following URL.
VII. CVE INFORMATION
The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has assigned the
name CVE-2008-1379 to this issue. This is a candidate for inclusion in
the CVE list (http://cve.mitre.org/), which standardizes names for
VIII. DISCLOSURE TIMELINE
03/26/2008 Initial vendor notification
03/26/2008 Initial vendor response
06/11/2008 Coordinated public disclosure
This vulnerability was reported to iDefense by regenrecht.
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X. LEGAL NOTICES
Copyright © 2008 iDefense, Inc.
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Disclaimer: The information in the advisory is believed to be accurate
at the time of publishing based on currently available information. Use
of the information constitutes acceptance for use in an AS IS condition.
There are no warranties with regard to this information. Neither the
author nor the publisher accepts any liability for any direct,
indirect, or consequential loss or damage arising from use of, or
reliance on, this information.