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SEC Consult SA-20090305-0 :: NextApp Echo XML Injection Vulnerability

SEC Consult Security Advisory < 20090305-0 >
                  title: NextApp Echo XML Injection Vulnerability
                program: NextApp Echo
     vulnerable version: Echo2 < 2.1.1
               homepage: http://echo.nextapp.com/site/echo2
                  found: Feb. 2008
                     by: Anonymous / SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab
         permanent link:

Vendor description:

Echo is a platform for building web-based applications that approach the
capabilities of rich clients. The applications are developed using a
component-oriented and event-driven API, eliminating the need to deal
with the "page-based" nature of browsers. To the developer, Echo works
just like a user interface toolkit.

Vulnerability overview:

Unverified XML Data is passed from the client (Webbrowser) to the
NextApp Echo Engine  and consequently to an underlying XML Parser. This
leading to a typical XML Injection scenario.

Vulnerability description:

All XML requests for the framework are created by javascript and than
sent to the Server via POST HTTP requests. 

A typical requests would look like the following:

---cut here---
<client-message xmlns="http://www.nextapp.com/products/echo2/climsg";
trans-id="3" focus="c_25"><message-part xmlns=""
processor="EchoPropertyUpdate"><property component-id="c_25"
name="text">aa</property><property component-id="c_25"
name="horizontalScroll" value="0"/><property component-id="c_25"
name="verticalScroll" value="0"/></message-part><message-part xmlns=""
processor="EchoAction"><action component-id="c_25"
---cut here---

By manipulating the POST content it is possible to inject arbitrary XML
declarations- and tags.

Proof of concept:

The following entity declaration would create a new XML entity with the
content of the boot.ini file which can be referenced in the following
XML request content:

---cut here---
<?xml version="1.0"?><!DOCTYPE sec [<!ELEMENT sec ANY><!ENTITY
mytestentity SYSTEM "file:///c:\boot.ini">]>
---cut here---

Vulnerable versions:
NextApp Echo v2.1.0.rc2

Vendor contact timeline:
2009/02/16: Vendor notified via email
2009/02/24: Patch available


The vendor has released an update which addresses the vulnerability. The
update can be downloaded at:


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# EOF SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab / @2009