CSS10-01: Imperva SecureSphere Web Application Firewall and Database Firewall Bypass Vulnerability April 5, 2010 BACKGROUND ========== The Imperva SecureSphere Web Application Firewall protects web applications and sensitive data against sophisticated attacks and brute force attacks, stops online identity theft, and prevents data leaks from applications. The Imperva SecureSphere Database Firewall monitors and proactively protects databases from internal abuse, database attacks, and unauthorized activity. (Source: http://www.imperva.com/products/securesphere-data-security-suite.html) SUMMARY ======= Imperva SecureSphere Web Application Firewall and Database Firewall products can be bypassed by appending specially crafted data to requests. Protection provided by the Imperva device against attacks such as SQL injection and Cross-Site Scripting is negated, allowing unfiltered requests through to protected applications. SEVERITY RATING =============== Rating: High Risk - CVSS 7.8 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:C/A:N) Impact: Bypass security control Where: Remote THREAT EVALUATION ================= An attacker can use this flaw to bypass firewall protections. Anyone with the ability to interact with protected web applications and databases can exploit this vulnerability. Only minimal skill is required and the bypass can be incorporated into existing exploitation frameworks and security testing tools. Exploitation of this issue does not permanently affect the device; each evasion request must contain the bypass payload. IDENTIFYING VULNERABLE INSTALLATIONS ==================================== Administrators can identify the current version in use by going to the Licensing menu in the administration console. Versions less than those identified in the Solutions section below are vulnerable. DETECTING EXPLOITATION ====================== The Imperva device provides no indication when this vulnerability is exploited. If other controls are in place such as network traffic monitors, IDS/IPS, or web filters, these should be configured to alert on payloads containing attack patterns. AFFECTED SOFTWARE ================= This vulnerability affects SecureSphere G-series and Database Firewalls running versions the Web Application and Database Firewall product prior to March 9, 2010. This includes all versions of SecureSphere from 5.0 through 7.0. SOLUTION ======== The vendor has released patches for affected versions to address this issue. Customers are strongly encouraged to apply the update as soon as possible. Refer to http://www.imperva.com/resources/adc/adc_advisories_response_clearskies.html for upgrade instructions. No reliable workaround is available. The vendor has provided the following version and patch data: Version Patch Number 184.108.40.20678 Patch 11 220.127.116.1161 Patch 11 18.104.22.16863 Patch 24 22.214.171.12442 Patch 24 126.96.36.19902 Patch 30 188.8.131.5274 Patch 30 184.108.40.20638 Patch 30 220.127.116.1130 Patch 30 18.104.22.16828 Patch 30 22.214.171.12482 Patch 30 126.96.36.19928 on XOS 8.0/5 ssgw-6128-CBI10 188.8.131.5278 on XOS 8.5.3 ssgw-184.108.40.20667-CBI28 VULNERABILITY ID ================ CVE-2010-1329 TIME TABLE ========== 2009-08-31 - Vendor notified. 2010-03-09 - Vendor released patched firmware. 2010-04-05 - Public notification REFERENCES ========== http://www.clearskies.net/documents/css-advisory-css1001-imperva.php http://www.imperva.com/resources/adc/adc_advisories_response_clearskies.html CREDITS ======= Scott Miles and Greag Johnson, Clear Skies Security, identified this flaw. Clear Skies would like to thank Mike Sanders and Accuvant Labs for their assistance in clarifying and working with the vendor to correct this issue. LEGAL NOTICES ============= Disclaimer: The information in the advisory is believed to be accurate at the time of publishing and is subject to change without notice. Use of the information constitutes acceptance for use in an AS IS condition. There are no warranties with regard to this information. The author is not liable for any direct, indirect, or consequential loss or damage arising from use of, or reliance on, this information. Copyright 2010 Clear Skies Security, LLC. Permission is granted for the redistribution of this alert electronically. To reprint this alert, in whole or in part, in any other medium other than electronically, please e-mail info (at) clearskies (dot) net for permission.
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