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Parallels Plesk 7.0 - 8.2 | Open URL Redirection Vulnerability



Parallels Plesk 7.0 - 8.2 | Open URL Redirection Vulnerability


1. OVERVIEW

The Plesk versions from 7.0 to 8.2 are vulnerable to Open URL
Redirection when "Enable webuser@xxxxxxxxxx" access format, a new
feature introduced in Plesk 7.0, is enabled in user preferences.


2. BACKGROUND

Parallels Plesk Panel is a turnkey Web hosting system that includes
fully automated billing and provisioning, an integrated SiteBuilder,
and access to over a hundred Web-based applications that you can use
to create unique service plans that meet a variety of customer needs.


3. VULNERABILITY DESCRIPTION

The Plesk 7.0 - 8.2 versions contain a flaw that allows a remote cross
site redirection attack. This flaw exists because the application does
not properly parse Query String parameter to set it apart from
webuser@xxxxxxxxxx format  upon submission to the default web root url
(/) of the affected domain (i.e www.domain.com/) . To further explain,
when the URL with the format, http://domain.com/?@attacker.in, is
requested, the Plesk mistakenly parses domain.com/? as a web user and
attacker.com as the main domain.  This allows an attacker to create a
specially crafted URL, that if clicked, would redirect a victim from
the intended legitimate web site (domain.com) to an arbitrary web site
(attacker.in) of the attacker's choice. This flaw takes place in the
file, at_domains_index.html, part of the Plesk application.
Vulnerable code snippets of at_domains_index.html are as follows:

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
....
<title>Relocate</title>
<script language="javascript">
  var url = window.location.href;
  if (url.charAt(url.length - 1) != "/")
    url = url + "/";
  var s = url.indexOf("//") + 2;
  var e = url.indexOf("@");
  if (e > 0) {
    var atpart = url.substring(s, e);
    var newurl = url.substring(0, s) + url.substring(e + 1 , url.length);
    window.location = newurl + "~" + atpart + "/";
  } else {
    window.location= "/index.html";
  }
</script>
...........
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

Domains with webuser@xxxxxxxxxx access format disabled are not vulnerable.


4. VERSIONS AFFECTED

 7.0 - 8.2


5. PROOF-OF-CONCEPT/EXPLOIT

http://www.victim.com/?@%61%74%74%61%63%6b%65%72%2e%69%6e
http://www.victim.com/?@attacker.in


6. SOLUTION

Vendor will not release patch file for customers of affected versions.

One of the following:
  - Use Plesk 8.3 or higher
  - Disable webuser@xxxxxxxxxx access format
  - Patch at_domains_index.html with
	  http://yehg.net/lab/pr0js/advisories/plesk/patches/open-redirect/at_domains_index.html.zip
	  [note: extract & edit file to modify your index url]


7. VENDOR

Parallels Holdings Ltd
http://www.parallels.com/


8. CREDIT

Aung Khant, http://yehg.net, YGN Ethical Hacker Group, Myanmar.


9. DISCLOSURE TIME-LINE

2011-03-09: notified vendor though publicly available emails		
2011-03-22: no reply
2011-03-23: reported again through an email that asked feedback for
using trial version of Plesk 10.x
2011-03-23: vendor confirmed that the issue is affected till the version 8.2
2011-03-25: vulnerability disclosed


10. REFERENCES

Original Advisory URL:
http://yehg.net/lab/pr0js/advisories/[plesk_7.0-8.2]_open_url_redirection
Parallels Plesk Home Page: http://www.parallels.com/products/plesk
OWASP Top 10 2010 - A 10:
http://www.owasp.org/index.php/Top_10_2010-A10-Unvalidated_Redirects_and_Forwards
SANS Top 25 - Rank 23: http://cwe.mitre.org/top25/#CWE-601
CWE-601: http://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/601.html

#yehg [2011-03-25]

---------------------------------
Best regards,
YGN Ethical Hacker Group
Yangon, Myanmar
http://yehg.net
Our Lab | http://yehg.net/lab
Our Directory | http://yehg.net/hwd