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MiniUPnPd Information Disclosure (CVE-2013-2600)
I am writing to inform you of an information disclosure vulnerability I noticed in MiniUPnPd a few months back. Specifically, MiniUPnPd versions 1.8 and earlier are prone to an information disclosure vulnerability due to improper use of snprintf() while preparing SSDP responses. An attacker can exploit this vulnerability by sending a crafted request with a long ST header. If the header is long enough, the SSDP response buffer will be truncated by snprintf() and the subsequent sendto() call will read off the end of the buffer thereby disclosing the contents of adjacent memory. This response can reveal details of internal network topology as well as other activity on the target network.
This issue was addressed on April 26, 2013 as noted in the changelog: http://miniupnp.free.fr/files/changelog.php?file=miniupnpd-1.8.20130607.tar.gz
Correctly handle truncated snprintf() in SSDP code
The problem is illustrated in the following code snippet:
203 static void SendSSDPAnnounce2(int s, struct sockaddr_in sockname,
204 const char * st, int st_len,
205 const char * host, unsigned short port)
207 int l, n;
208 char buf;
209 /* TODO :
210 * follow guideline from document "UPnP Device Architecture 1.0"
211 * put in uppercase.
212 * DATE: is recommended
213 * SERVER: OS/ver UPnP/1.0 miniupnpd/1.0
214 * */
215 l = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "HTTP/1.1 200 OK\r\n"
216 "Cache-Control: max-age=120\r\n"
217 "ST: %.*s\r\n"
218 "USN: %s::%.*s\r\n"
220 "Server: " MINIUPNPD_SERVER_STRING "\r\n"
221 "Location: http://%s:%u" ROOTDESC_PATH "\r\n"
223 st_len, st,
224 uuidvalue, st_len, st,
225 host, (unsigned int)port);
226 n = sendto(s, buf, l, 0,
227 (struct sockaddr *)&sockname, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in) );
228 #if 0 //JM: Don't fill up syslog, even in error condition
231 syslog(LOG_ERR, "sendto: %m");
Notice that the sendto on line 226 is using the snprintf return value, l, from line 215 without considering whether l > sizeof(buf) as is the case when the buffer is truncated. It is important to remember that snprintf() does not return the number of bytes written into the buffer but rather the number of bytes requested to be written into the buffer.