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Barracuda Networks Bug Bounty #35 - Persistent Web Vulnerability



Document Title:
===============
Barracuda Networks Bug Bounty #35 - Persistent Web Vulnerability


References (Source):
====================
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=1101

Barracuda Networks Security ID (BNSEC): BNSEC-2361




Release Date:
=============
2014-02-21


Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):
====================================
1101


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
3.7


Product & Service Introduction:
===============================
The Barracuda Web Filter is an integrated content filtering, application blocking and malware protection solution that is powerful, 
easy to use and affordable for businesses of all sizes. It enforces Internet usage policies by blocking access to Web sites and 
Internet applications that are not related to business, and it easily and completely eliminates spyware and other forms of malware 
from your organization. No more costly staff time lost repairing infected computers.

( Copy of the Vendor Homepage: https://www.barracuda.com/products/webfilter )


Abstract Advisory Information:
==============================
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered a persistent validation vulnerability in the Barracuda Networks WebFilter 610Vx appliance web-application.


Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:
==================================
2013-09-27:	Researcher Notification & Coordination (Benjamin Kunz Mejri)
2013-09-28:	Vendor Notification (Barracuda Networks Security Team - Bug Bounty Program)
2013-10-03:	Vendor Response/Feedback (Barracuda Networks Security Team - Bug Bounty Program)
2014-02-17:	Vendor Fix/Patch (Barracuda Networks Developer Team) [Coordination: Dave Farrow]
2014-02-21:	Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)


Discovery Status:
=================
Published


Affected Product(s):
====================
Barracuda Networks
Product: WebFilter Appliance Web-Application 6.0.1.009 - X210 X310 X410 X510 X610 X710 X810 X910 X1010


Exploitation Technique:
=======================
Remote


Severity Level:
===============
Medium


Technical Details & Description:
================================
A persistent input validation web vulnerability is detected in the Barracuda Networks WebFilter Model 610Vx appliance web-application.
The vulnerability allows remote attackers to inject own malicious script codes on the application-side of the affected service, module or function.

The vulnerability is located in the `Basic > Reports` module in the  `domain names`, `grid__data in grid_columns` and `x-grid3-cell-inner x-grid3-col-name` 
values. Remote attackers are able to inject own script code as domain name to execute the context in the show advanced options menu listing (+plus) with 
persistent attack vector. 

To bypass the invalid domain exception the attacker first need to include a valid domain, in the second step he change the domain name value by a 
session tamper. Reason behind the technique is that the input field validation is seperatly done to the request method validation. The restriction 
of the invalid input field check can be bypassed by usage of a session tamper to change the input field context after the first direct input encode 
of the web filter application. Another problem is located in the same module which affects the buttom name item listing.

Exploitation of the persistent web vulnerability requires low user interaction and a local low privileged web-application account. Successful exploitation 
of the vulnerability results in session hijacking (customers), persistent phishing, persistent external redirects or persistent manipulation of connected 
or affected module context.


Request Method(s):
				[+] GET
				[+] POST

Vulnerable Module(s):
				[+] Basic > Reports > Advanced Options > Show Advanced Options

Vulnerable Input Field(s):
				[+] Add Domain

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
				[+] domain name
				[+] grid__data in grid_columns
				[+] x-grid3-cell-inner x-grid3-col-name

Affected Module(s):
				[+] Reports Module Index
				[+] Reports Module Advanced Options List
				[+] Buttom Name Item List

Affected Version(s):
				[+] All versions > Web-Filter applicance web-application


Proof of Concept (PoC):
=======================
The persistent input validation web vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers and local low privileged web-application user accounts 
with low user interaction. For security demonstration or to reproduce the vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below to continue.


--- PoC Session Logs Request/Response Input Execution ---

Status: 200[OK]
GET https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/cgi-mod/index.cgi?auth_type=Local&et=1380375181&locale=en_US&password=70be67622c59f4862ed9e7bc6a7cc3d2&primary_tab=BASIC&realm=&role=&secondary_tab=reports&user=guest 
Load Flags[VALIDATE_ALWAYS LOAD_DOCUMENT_URI  LOAD_INITIAL_DOCUMENT_URI  ] Content Size[160284] Mime Type[text/html]
   Request Headers:
      Host[webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317]
      User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0]
      Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8]
      Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]
      Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
      DNT[1]
      Connection[keep-alive]
      Cache-Control[max-age=0]
   Response Headers:
      Server[nginx/1.0.14]
      Content-Type[text/html; charset=utf-8]
      Connection[keep-alive]
      Expires[Fri, 28 Sep 2012 13:22:20 GMT]
      Date[Sat, 28 Sep 2013 13:22:20 GMT]
      Content-Length[160284]


15:22:11.590[793ms][total 793ms] Status: 304[Not Modified]
GET https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/css/calendar/calendar-win2k-cold-1.css?v=6.0.1.009 Load Flags[VALIDATE_ALWAYS ] Content Size[-1] Mime Type[application/x-unknown-content-type]
   Request Headers:
      Host[webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317]
      User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0]
      Accept[text/css,*/*;q=0.1]
      Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]
      Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
      DNT[1]
      Referer[https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/cgi-mod/index.cgi?auth_type=Local&et=1380375181&locale=en_US&password=70be67622c59f4862ed9e7bc6a7cc3d2&primary_tab=BASIC&realm=&role=&secondary_tab=reports&user=guest]
      Connection[keep-alive]
      If-Modified-Since[Tue, 23 Jul 2013 02:54:15 GMT]
      Cache-Control[max-age=0]
   Response Headers:
      Server[nginx/1.0.14]
      Date[Sat, 28 Sep 2013 13:22:21 GMT]
      Last-Modified[Tue, 23 Jul 2013 02:54:15 GMT]
      Connection[keep-alive]
      Expires[Thu, 31 Dec 2037 23:55:55 GMT]
      Cache-Control[max-age=315360000, public]


15:22:11.590[794ms][total 794ms] Status: 304[Not Modified]
GET https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/css/autosuggest.css?v=6.0.1.009 Load Flags[VALIDATE_ALWAYS ] Content Size[-1] Mime Type[application/x-unknown-content-type]
   Request Headers:
      Host[webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317]
      User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0]
      Accept[text/css,*/*;q=0.1]
      Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]
      Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
      DNT[1]
      Referer[https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/cgi-mod/index.cgi?auth_type=Local&et=1380375181&locale=en_US&password=70be67622c59f4862ed9e7bc6a7cc3d2&primary_tab=BASIC&realm=&role=&secondary_tab=reports&user=guest]
      Connection[keep-alive]
      If-Modified-Since[Tue, 23 Jul 2013 02:54:15 GMT]
      Cache-Control[max-age=0]
   Response Headers:
      Server[nginx/1.0.14]
      Date[Sat, 28 Sep 2013 13:22:21 GMT]
      Last-Modified[Tue, 23 Jul 2013 02:54:15 GMT]
      Connection[keep-alive]
      Expires[Thu, 31 Dec 2037 23:55:55 GMT]
      Cache-Control[max-age=315360000, public]


15:22:11.591[813ms][total 813ms] Status: 304[Not Modified]
GET https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/barracuda.css?v=6.0.1.009 Load Flags[VALIDATE_ALWAYS ] Content Size[-1] Mime Type[application/x-unknown-content-type]
   Request Headers:
      Host[webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317]
      User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0]
      Accept[text/css,*/*;q=0.1]
      Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]
      Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
      DNT[1]
      Referer[https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/cgi-mod/index.cgi?auth_type=Local&et=1380375181&locale=en_US&password=70be67622c59f4862ed9e7bc6a7cc3d2&primary_tab=BASIC&realm=&role=&secondary_tab=reports&user=guest]
      Connection[keep-alive]
      If-Modified-Since[Tue, 23 Jul 2013 02:54:15 GMT]
      Cache-Control[max-age=0]
   Response Headers:
      Server[nginx/1.0.14]
      Date[Sat, 28 Sep 2013 13:22:21 GMT]
      Last-Modified[Tue, 23 Jul 2013 02:54:15 GMT]
      Connection[keep-alive]
      Expires[Thu, 31 Dec 2037 23:55:55 GMT]
      Cache-Control[max-age=315360000, public]


15:22:11.594[987ms][total 987ms] Status: 304[Not Modified]
GET https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/js/scriptaculous/scriptaculous.js?load=effects,dragdrop&v=6.0.1.009 Load Flags[VALIDATE_ALWAYS ] Content Size[-1] Mime Type[application/x-unknown-content-type]
   Request Headers:
      Host[webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317]
      User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0]
      Accept[*/*]
      Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]
      Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
      DNT[1]
      Referer[https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/cgi-mod/index.cgi?auth_type=Local&et=1380375181&locale=en_US&password=70be67622c59f4862ed9e7bc6a7cc3d2&primary_tab=BASIC&realm=&role=&secondary_tab=reports&user=guest]
      Connection[keep-alive]
      If-Modified-Since[Tue, 23 Jul 2013 02:54:14 GMT]
      Cache-Control[max-age=0]
   Response Headers:
      Server[nginx/1.0.14]
      Date[Sat, 28 Sep 2013 13:22:22 GMT]
      Last-Modified[Tue, 23 Jul 2013 02:54:14 GMT]
      Connection[keep-alive]
      Expires[Thu, 31 Dec 2037 23:55:55 GMT]
      Cache-Control[max-age=315360000, public]


15:22:11.594[987ms][total 987ms] Status: 304[Not Modified]
GET https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/js/ext-prototype-adapter.js?v=6.0.1.009 Load Flags[VALIDATE_ALWAYS ] Content Size[-1] Mime Type[application/x-unknown-content-type]
   Request Headers:
      Host[webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317]
      User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0]
      Accept[*/*]
      Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]
      Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
      DNT[1]
      Referer[https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/cgi-mod/index.cgi?auth_type=Local&et=1380375181&locale=en_US&password=70be67622c59f4862ed9e7bc6a7cc3d2&primary_tab=BASIC&realm=&role=&secondary_tab=reports&user=guest]
      Connection[keep-alive]
      If-Modified-Since[Tue, 23 Jul 2013 02:54:14 GMT]
      Cache-Control[max-age=0]
   Response Headers:
      Server[nginx/1.0.14]
      Date[Sat, 28 Sep 2013 13:22:22 GMT]
      Last-Modified[Tue, 23 Jul 2013 02:54:14 GMT]
      Connection[keep-alive]
      Expires[Thu, 31 Dec 2037 23:55:55 GMT]
      Cache-Control[max-age=315360000, public]


15:22:13.629[260ms][total 260ms] Status: 502[Bad Gateway]
GET https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/cgi-mod/x Load Flags[VALIDATE_ALWAYS ] Content Size[1789] Mime Type[text/html]
   Request Headers:
      Host[webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317]
      User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0]
      Accept[image/png,image/*;q=0.8,*/*;q=0.5]
      Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]
      Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
      DNT[1]
      Referer[https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/cgi-mod/index.cgi?auth_type=Local&et=1380375181&locale=en_US&password=70be67622c59f4862ed9e7bc6a7cc3d2&primary_tab=BASIC&realm=&role=&secondary_tab=reports&user=guest]
      Connection[keep-alive]
   Response Headers:
      Server[nginx/1.0.14]
      Date[Sat, 28 Sep 2013 13:22:23 GMT]
      Content-Type[text/html]
      Content-Length[1789]
      Connection[keep-alive]




--- PoC Session Logs Request/Response Delete Element Item Execution ---

15:26:04.436[0ms][total 0ms] Status: pending[]
GET https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/js/adapters/prototype-adapter.js?v=6.0.1.009 Load Flags[LOAD_NORMAL] Content Size[unknown] Mime Type[unknown]
   Request Headers:
      Host[webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317]
      User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0]
      Accept[*/*]
      Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]
      Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
      DNT[1]
      Referer[https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/cgi-mod/index.cgi]


15:26:04.436[0ms][total 0ms] Status: pending[]
GET https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/js/highcharts.js?v=6.0.1.009 Load Flags[LOAD_NORMAL] Content Size[unknown] Mime Type[unknown]
   Request Headers:
      Host[webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317]
      User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0]
      Accept[*/*]
      Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]
      Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
      DNT[1]
      Referer[https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/cgi-mod/index.cgi]


15:26:04.461[0ms][total 0ms] Status: pending[]
GET https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/favicon.ico Load Flags[LOAD_NORMAL] Content Size[unknown] Mime Type[unknown]
   Request Headers:
      Host[webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317]
      User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0]
      Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8]
      Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]
      Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
      DNT[1]


15:26:04.542[0ms][total 0ms] Status: pending[]
GET https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/js/scriptaculous/effects.js Load Flags[LOAD_NORMAL] Content Size[unknown] Mime Type[unknown]
   Request Headers:
      Host[webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317]
      User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0]
      Accept[*/*]
      Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]
      Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
      DNT[1]
      Referer[https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/cgi-mod/index.cgi]


15:26:04.542[0ms][total 0ms] Status: pending[]
GET https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/js/scriptaculous/dragdrop.js Load Flags[LOAD_NORMAL] Content Size[unknown] Mime Type[unknown]
   Request Headers:
      Host[webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317]
      User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0]
      Accept[*/*]
      Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]
      Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
      DNT[1]
      Referer[https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/cgi-mod/index.cgi]


15:26:04.964[454ms][total 454ms] Status: 200[OK]
GET https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/cgi-mod/header_logo.cgi?6.0.1.009 Load Flags[LOAD_NORMAL] Content Size[-1] Mime Type[image/gif]
   Request Headers:
      Host[webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317]
      User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0]
      Accept[image/png,image/*;q=0.8,*/*;q=0.5]
      Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]
      Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
      DNT[1]
      Referer[https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/cgi-mod/index.cgi]
      Connection[keep-alive]
   Response Headers:
      Server[nginx/1.0.14]
      Content-Type[image/gif]
      Transfer-Encoding[chunked]
      Connection[keep-alive]
      Expires[Sat, 28 Sep 2013 13:26:14 GMT]
      Date[Sat, 28 Sep 2013 13:26:14 GMT]
      Cache-Control[no-cache, no-store]


15:26:05.740[213ms][total 213ms] Status: 502[Bad Gateway]
GET https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/cgi-mod/x Load Flags[LOAD_NORMAL] Content Size[1789] Mime Type[text/html]
   Request Headers:
      Host[webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317]
      User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0]
      Accept[image/png,image/*;q=0.8,*/*;q=0.5]
      Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]
      Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
      DNT[1]
      Referer[https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/cgi-mod/index.cgi]
      Connection[keep-alive]
   Response Headers:
      Server[nginx/1.0.14]
      Date[Sat, 28 Sep 2013 13:26:15 GMT]
      Content-Type[text/html]
      Content-Length[1789]
      Connection[keep-alive]




Reference(s):
https://webfilter.ptest.localhost:6317/cgi-mod/index.cgi?auth_type=Local&et=1380375181&locale=en_US&password=70be67622c59f4862ed9e7bc6a7cc3d2&primary_tab=BASIC&realm=&role=&secondary_tab=reports&user=guest


Resource(s):
					../Barracuda Web Filter  Reports - p1.htm
					../Barracuda Web Filter  Reports.htm
					../poc-session-logs.txt


Picture(s):
					../1.png
					../2.png
					../3.png
					../4.png
					../5.png


Solution - Fix & Patch:
=======================
The vulnerability can be patched by a secure parse and encode of the input to add domains. Ensure that the application GET to POST requests are restricted and filtered 
to prevent further attacks in the vulnerable add domains module.


Security Risk:
==============
The security risk of the persistent input validation web vulnerabilities are estimated as medium(+).


Credits & Authors:
==================
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Benjamin Kunz Mejri (bkm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx) [www.vulnerability-lab.com]


Disclaimer & Information:
=========================
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may not apply. We do not approve or encourage anybody to break any vendor licenses, policies, deface websites, hack into databases 
or trade with fraud/stolen material.

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