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WK UDID v1.0.1 iOS - Command Inject Vulnerability



Document Title:
===============
WK UDID v1.0.1 iOS - Command Inject Vulnerability


References (Source):
====================
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=1539


Release Date:
=============
2015-07-01


Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):
====================================
1539


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
5.6


Product & Service Introduction:
===============================
This app offers the opportunity to read device-specific information from your iPhone, iPad or iPod touch. The desired information can be 
selected and sent via email to a recipient of your choice or it can be copied to the clipboard for later use. You can get information about 
the unique identifier (UDID), the model, the name and the operating system of your device.

(Copy of the Homepage https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/wk-udid/id392624227 )


Abstract Advisory Information:
==============================
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research team discovered a local command inject web vulnerability in the official WK UDID v1.0.1 iOS mobile web-application.


Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:
==================================
2015-07-01:	Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)


Discovery Status:
=================
Published


Affected Product(s):
====================
WK EDV GmbH
Product: WK UDID - iOS Mobile Web Application 1.0.1


Exploitation Technique:
=======================
Local


Severity Level:
===============
Medium


Technical Details & Description:
================================
A local command inject web vulnerability has been discovered in the official WK UDID v1.0.1 iOS mobile web-application.
The vulnerability allows to inject malicious script codes to the application-side of the vulnerable mobile app.

The vulnerability is located in the device name value of the send by mail function. Local attackers are able to manipulate the name value 
of the device to compromise the mail function of the wkudid mobile app. The html encoding is broken in the send by mail export function. 
Local attackers are able to manipulate the device name id to compromise the application internal validation in send emails. The attack vector 
of the vulnerability is server-side and the injection point is the device name information settings.

The security risk of the local commandpath inject vulnerability is estimated as medium with a cvss (common vulnerability scoring system) count of 5.6. 
Exploitation of the commandpath inject vulnerability requires a low privilege androidios device account with restricted access and no user interaction. 
Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in unauthorized execution of system specific commands and unauthorized path value requests to 
compromise the mobile iOS application and connected device components.

Vulnerable Module(s)
				[+] Device - Settings - Information
 
Vulnerable Parameter(s)
				[+] device name

Affected Module(s)
				[+] WKUDID - Mail


Proof of Concept (PoC):
=======================
The local command inject web vulnerability can be exploited by local attackers with low privilege device user account and without user interaction.
For security demonstration or to reproduce the security vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below to continue.

Manual steps to reproduce the vulnerability ...
1. Start the iOS device
2. Open the settings module
3. Change the name to the local command injection payload
4. Save the settings and start the application wkudid
5. Send the details by mail
6. Review the arrival inbox 
7. The execution point is the xml and header location with the device name value
8. Successful reproduce of the local command inject security vulnerability!


PoC Device ID - Email

<div>Identifier (UDID): FFFFFFFFC0463E7B3E5D46A88EDF4194C74B27D1
<br>Model: iPad<br>Name: bkm337>"<./[LOCAL COMMAND INJECT VULNERABILITY VIA DEVICE NAME VALUE!]">%20<gt;<BR>
System Name: iPhone OS<BR>System Version: 8.3<BR>Total Memory (RAM): 987.98 MB<BR>
Free Memory: 19.06 MB<BR>Total Storage: 27.19 GB<BR>Free Storage: 0.70 GB<BR>
CPU Frequency: an error occured<BR>Network: WiFi<BR>Wi-Fi: 02:00:00:00:00:00<BR>
IP Address: 192.168.2.104<BR>Carrier: not available<BR></iframe></div>


Solution - Fix & Patch:
=======================
The vulnerability can be patched by a secure parse and encode of the vulnerable Device name value. Restrict the input and encode the output in the 
vulnerable generated html file. Disallow script code values in the html generated file type to prevent further command injection attacks.


Security Risk:
==============
The security rsik of the local command inject web vulnerability in the device name value is estimated as medium. (CVSS 5.6)


Credits & Authors:
==================
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Benjamin Kunz Mejri (bkm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx) [www.vulnerability-lab.com]


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=========================
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