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Apple iOS v9.1, 9.2 & 9.2.1 - Application Update Loop Pass Code Bypass
Apple iOS v9.1, 9.2 & 9.2.1 - Application Update Loop Pass Code Bypass
Apple Follow-up ID: 631627909
Vulnerability Magazine: http://magazine.vulnerability-db.com/?q=articles/2016/02/04/apple-ios-v9x-application-update-loop-pass-code-bypass
Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):
Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
Product & Service Introduction:
iOS (previously iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system developed and distributed by Apple Inc. Originally released in 2007 for the
iPhone and iPod Touch, it has been extended to support other Apple devices such as the iPad and Apple TV. Unlike Microsoft`s Windows
Phone (Windows CE) and Google`s Android, Apple does not license iOS for installation on non-Apple hardware. As of September 12, 2012,
Apple`s App Store contained more than 700,000 iOS applications, which have collectively been downloaded more than 30 billion times.
It had a 14.9% share of the smartphone mobile operating system units shipped in the third quarter of 2012, behind only Google`s Android.
In June 2012, it accounted for 65% of mobile web data consumption (including use on both the iPod Touch and the iPad). At the half of 2012,
there were 410 million devices activated. According to the special media event held by Apple on September 12, 2012, 400 million devices have been
sold through June 2012.
( Copy of the Homepage: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IOS )
Abstract Advisory Information:
The Vulnerability Laboratory Core Research Team discovered a pass code lock auth bypass vulnerability in the official Apple iOS (iPhone5&6|iPad2) v8.x, v9.0, v9.1 & v9.2.
Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:
2015-10-22: Researcher Notification & Coordination (Benjamin Kunz Mejri - Evolution Security GmbH)
2015-10-23: Vendor Notification (Apple Product Security Team)
2015-01-22: Vendor Response/Feedback (Apple Product Security Team)
2016-**-**: Vendor Fix/Patch (Apple Product Developer Team)
2016-02-04: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)
Product: iOS - (Mobile Operating System) 9.1, 9.2 & 9.2.1
Technical Details & Description:
An application update loop that results in a pass code bypass vulnerability has been discovered in the official Apple iOS (iPhone5&6|iPad2) v8.x, v9.0, v9.1 & v9.2.
The security vulnerability allows local attackers to bypass pass code lock protection of the apple iphone via an application update loop issue.
The issue affects the device security when processing to request a local update by an installed mobile ios web-application.
The vulnerability is located in the iPad 2 & iPhone 5 & 6 hardware configuration with iOS v8.2 - v9.2 when processing an update which results in a interface
loop by the application slides. Local attacker can trick the iOS device into a mode were a runtime issue with unlimited loop occurs. This finally results in
a temporarily deactivate of the pass code lock screen. By loading the loop with remote app interaction we was able to stable bypass the auth of an iphone after
the reactivation via shutdown button. The settings of the device was permanently requesting the pass code lock on interaction. Normally the pass code lock is
being activated during the shutdown button interaction. In case of the loop the request shuts the display down but does not activate the pass code lock like
demonstrated in the attached poc security video.
In case of exploitation the attack could be performed time-based by a manipulated iOS application or by physical device access and interaction with restricted
system user account. In earlier cases of exploitation these type of loops were able to be used as jailbreak against iOS. The vulnerability can be exploited in
non-jailbroken unlocked apple iphone mobiles.
The security risk of the local pass code bypass issue is estimated as high with a cvss (common vulnerability scoring system) count of 6.0.
Exploitation of the local bug requires pending on the attack scenario local device access or a manipulated app installed to the device without user interaction.
Successful exploitation of the security vulnerability results in unauthorized device access via pass code lock bypass.
Proof of Concept (PoC):
The new attack case of scenario can be exploited by local attackers with physical bank branch office service access and valid local banking card.
For security demonstration or to reproduce the issue follow the provided information & steps below to continue.
Manual steps to reproduce the vulnerability ...
1. First fill up about some % of the free memory in the iOS device with random data
2. Now, you open the app-store choose to update all applications (update all push button)
3. Switch fast via home button to the slide index and perform iOS update at the same time
Note: The interaction to switch needs to be performed very fast to successfully exploit. In
the first load of the update you can still use the home button. Press it go back to index
4. Now, press the home button again to review the open runnings slides
5. Switch to the left menu after the last slide which is new and perform to open siri in the same
moment. Now the slide hangs and runs all time in a loop
6. Turn of via power button the ipad or iphone ....
7. Reactivate via power button and like you can see the session still runs in the loop and can be
requested without any pass code
Note: Normally the pass code becomes available after the power off button interaction to
8. Successful reproduce of the local security vulnerability!
In a video we demonstrate how to bypass with a unlimited loop in the interface the pass code lock settings of the iOS v9 iPad2. The issue is not
limited to the device and can be exploited with iPhone as well. The power button on top activates with the stand-by mode the pass code lock for
the iOS device. In case of the loop we tricked the device into a mode were we was able to bypass the pass code.
Solution - Fix & Patch:
The loop issue needs to be patched in the main interface by the dev team. The issue can be prevented by a locate of the stack with a restriction.
The security risk of the local iOS loop that results in a pass code bypass vulnerability is estimated as high. (CVSS 6.0)
Credits & Authors:
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Benjamin Kunz Mejri (research@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx) [www.vulnerability-lab.com]
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