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[ISN] Engineer guilty in plot to give data to China


By Bill Gertz
May 11, 2007

A Chinese-born engineer was convicted in federal court in California 
yesterday of being an unregistered Chinese agent who conspired to supply 
defense technology to Beijing.
Chi Mak, 66, was found guilty of helping provide China unclassified but 
export-controlled information, including data on a submarine electronic 
system and a quiet electronic propulsion system planned for future 
Mak was found guilty of conspiracy to violate export regulations and for 
failing to register as a Chinese agent, after several days of 
deliberations. The trial lasted six weeks.
"We were confident from the start, and we're very happy with the 
verdict," Assistant U.S. Attorney Greg Staples said.
Sentencing was set for Sept. 10, and Mak faces up to 35 years in prison. 
Mak at first showed no emotion when the verdict was read but then 
appeared to fight tears as defense attorney Marilyn Bednarski teared up 
and rubbed his back.
Prosecutors dropped charges accusing Mak of exporting. They said Mak's 
brother Tai Mak was the courier in the spy ring and will face those 
charges in a later trial.
The trial was the first in what U.S. officials say will be several cases 
involving a family spy ring that also included both Mak brothers' wives 
and Tai Mak's son Billy Mak. A second trial is set for June 5. Chi and 
Tai Mak were born in Guangdong, China; Chi Mak is a naturalized U.S. 
citizen. Prosecutors may try to use yesterday's verdict to reach plea 
bargains with other family members.
Chi Mak was an electrical engineer at Power Paragon, a defense 
contractor for the Navy. Power Paragon is a subsidiary of L-3/SPD 
Technologies/Power Systems Group. Among the projects on which Mak worked 
were the Navy's Quiet Electric Drive, which officials said is a 
high-technology system that will allow huge ship engines to run as quiet 
as a Lexus at idle.
Assistant U.S. Attorney Craig Missakian said in closing arguments Monday 
that Mak was "spying for China" and sought to provide China's military 
with "a window into the engine room of a submarine."
Mak denied he was a spy for China and said under defense questioning in 
the trial that he had done nothing wrong by supplying his brother Tai 
Mak with the defense technology documents, which prosecutors say Tai Mak 
had encoded on computer disks before traveling to China to give them to 
Pu Pei-liang, a researcher at the Chinese Center for Asia Pacific 
Studies at Zhongshan University, which has links to China's military.
Investigators arrested Tai Mak and his wife at Los Angeles International 
Airport in October 2005 with the documents in their luggage that were 
labeled "proprietary" and "restricted" for export. Chi Mak and his wife 
were arrested at their home.
U.S. officials close to the case said the spying operation showed 
China's sophistication at gathering defense technology to further 
Beijing's rapid military buildup. The trial provided a rare look into 
the shadowy world of Chinese technology collection efforts in the United 
During the trial, an FBI agent testified that a distant relative of Chi 
Mak, Gu Wei Hao, had tried to recruit him for work as a messenger.
The FBI identified Mr. Gu as a Chinese government official who had tried 
to obtain information on the space shuttle from a Boeing engineer named 
Greg Chung. Letters from Mr. Gu also were found in a search of Mak's 
home, and one of the letters told Mr. Chung to pass information through 
Mak because he was a relative.
"This channel is much safer than others," Mr. Gu wrote.
•This article is based in part on wire service reports.
Copyright © 2007 News World Communications, Inc. All rights reserved.

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