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[ISN] NATO Researchers: Stuxnet Attack on Iran Was Illegal 'Act of Force'



http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2013/03/stuxnet-act-of-force/

By Kim Zetter
Threat Level
Wired.com
03.25.13

A cyberattack that sabotaged Iranâs uranium enrichment program was an âact of forceâ and was likely illegal, according to research commissioned by NATOâs cyberwarfare center.

âActs that kill or injure persons or destroy or damage objects are unambiguously uses of forceâ and likely violate international law, according to the Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare, a study produced by international legal experts at the request of NATOâs Cooperative Cyber Defense Center of Excellence in Estonia.

Acts of force are prohibited under the United Nations charter, except when done in self-defense, Michael Schmitt, professor of international law at the U.S. Naval War College in Rhode Island and lead author of the study, told the Washington Times.

The 20 experts who produced the study were unanimous that Stuxnet was an act of force, but were less clear about whether the cyber sabotage against Iranâs nuclear program constituted an âarmed attack,â which would entitle Iran to use counterforce in self-defense. An armed attack constitutes a start of international hostilities under which the Geneva Conventionâs laws of war would apply.

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