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UNIRAS Brief - 290/06 - FreeBSD Security Advisory: SA-06:14. - fpu



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   UNIRAS (UK Govt CERT) Briefing Notice - 290/06 dated 19.04.06  Time: 14:10  
  UNIRAS is part of NISCC (National Infrastructure Security Co-ordination Centre)
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  UNIRAS material is also available from its website at www.uniras.gov.uk and
         Information about NISCC is available from www.niscc.gov.uk
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Title
=====

FreeBSD Security Advisory: SA-06:14. - fpu                                        

Detail
====== 

On "7th generation" and "8th generation" processors manufactured by AMD,
including the AMD Athlon, Duron, Athlon MP, Athlon XP, Athlon64, Athlon64
FX, Opteron, Turion, and Sempron, the fxsave and fxrstor instructions do
not save and restore the FOP, FIP, and FDP registers unless the exception
summary bit (ES) in the x87 status word is set to 1, indicating that an
unmasked x87 exception has occurred.


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=============================================================================
FreeBSD-SA-06:14.fpu                                        Security Advisory
                                                          The FreeBSD Project

Topic:          FPU information disclosure

Category:       core
Module:         sys
Announced:      2006-04-19
Credits:        Jan Beulich
Affects:        All FreeBSD/i386 and FreeBSD/amd64 releases.
Corrected:      2006-04-19 07:00:35 UTC (RELENG_6, 6.1-STABLE)
                2006-04-19 07:00:50 UTC (RELENG_6_1, 6.1-RELEASE)
                2006-04-19 07:01:12 UTC (RELENG_6_0, 6.0-RELEASE-p7)
                2006-04-19 07:01:30 UTC (RELENG_5, 5.5-STABLE)
                2006-04-19 07:01:53 UTC (RELENG_5_4, 5.4-RELEASE-p14)
                2006-04-19 07:02:23 UTC (RELENG_5_3, 5.3-RELEASE-p29)
                2006-04-19 07:02:43 UTC (RELENG_4, 4.11-STABLE)
                2006-04-19 07:03:01 UTC (RELENG_4_11, 4.11-RELEASE-p17)
                2006-04-19 07:03:14 UTC (RELENG_4_10, 4.10-RELEASE-p23)
CVE Name:       CVE-2006-1056

For general information regarding FreeBSD Security Advisories,
including descriptions of the fields above, security branches, and the
following sections, please visit
<URL:http://www.freebsd.org/security/>.

I.   Background

The floating-point unit (FPU) of i386 and amd64 processors is derived from
the original 8087 floating-point co-processor.  As a result, the FPU
contains the same debugging registers FOP, FIP, and FDP which store the
opcode, instruction address, and data address of the instruction most
recently executed by the FPU.

On processors implementing the "SSE" instruction set, a new pair of
instructions fxsave/fxrstor replaces the earlier fsave/frstor pair used
for saving and restoring the FPU state.  These new instructions also
save and restore the contents of the additional registers used by SSE
instructions.

II.  Problem Description

On "7th generation" and "8th generation" processors manufactured by AMD,
including the AMD Athlon, Duron, Athlon MP, Athlon XP, Athlon64, Athlon64
FX, Opteron, Turion, and Sempron, the fxsave and fxrstor instructions do
not save and restore the FOP, FIP, and FDP registers unless the exception
summary bit (ES) in the x87 status word is set to 1, indicating that an
unmasked x87 exception has occurred.

This behaviour is consistent with documentation provided by AMD, but is
different from processors from other vendors, which save and restore the
FOP, FIP, and FDP registers regardless of the value of the ES bit.  As a
result of this discrepancy remaining unnoticed until now, the FreeBSD
kernel does not restore the contents of the FOP, FIP, and FDP registers
between context switches.

III. Impact

On affected processors, a local attacker can monitor the execution path
of a process which uses floating-point operations.  This may allow an
attacker to steal cryptographic keys or other sensitive information.

IV.  Workaround

No workaround is available, but systems which do not use AMD Athlon, Duron,
Athlon MP, Athlon XP, Athlon64, Athlon64 FX, Opteron, Turion, or Sempron
processors are not vulnerable.

V.   Solution

Perform one of the following:

1) Upgrade your vulnerable system to 4-STABLE, 5-STABLE, or 6-STABLE,
or to the RELENG_6_0, RELENG_5_4, RELENG_5_3, RELENG_4_11, or
RELENG_4_10 security branch dated after the correction date.

2) To patch your present system:

The following patches have been verified to apply to FreeBSD 4.10,
4.11, 5.3, 5.4, and 6.0 systems.

a) Download the relevant patch from the location below, and verify the
detached PGP signature using your PGP utility.

[FreeBSD 4.x]
# fetch ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/patches/SA-06:14/fpu4x.patch
# fetch ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/patches/SA-06:14/fpu4x.patch.asc

[FreeBSD 5.x and 6.x]
# fetch ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/patches/SA-06:14/fpu.patch
# fetch ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/patches/SA-06:14/fpu.patch.asc

b) Apply the patch.

# cd /usr/src
# patch < /path/to/patch

c) Recompile your kernel as described in
<URL:http://www.freebsd.org/handbook/kernelconfig.html> and reboot the
system.

VI.  Correction details

The following list contains the revision numbers of each file that was
corrected in FreeBSD.

Branch                                                           Revision
  Path
- - -------------------------------------------------------------------------
RELENG_4
  src/sys/i386/isa/npx.c                                         1.80.2.4
RELENG_4_11
  src/UPDATING                                             1.73.2.91.2.18
  src/sys/conf/newvers.sh                                  1.44.2.39.2.21
  src/sys/i386/isa/npx.c                                    1.80.2.3.14.1
RELENG_4_10
  src/UPDATING                                             1.73.2.90.2.24
  src/sys/conf/newvers.sh                                  1.44.2.34.2.25
  src/sys/i386/isa/npx.c                                    1.80.2.3.12.1
RELENG_5
  src/sys/amd64/amd64/fpu.c                                     1.154.2.2
  src/sys/i386/isa/npx.c                                        1.152.2.4
RELENG_5_4
  src/UPDATING                                            1.342.2.24.2.23
  src/sys/conf/newvers.sh                                  1.62.2.18.2.19
  src/sys/amd64/amd64/fpu.c                                 1.154.2.1.2.1
  src/sys/i386/isa/npx.c                                    1.152.2.3.2.1
RELENG_5_3
  src/UPDATING                                            1.342.2.13.2.32
  src/sys/conf/newvers.sh                                  1.62.2.15.2.34
  src/sys/amd64/amd64/fpu.c                                     1.154.4.1
  src/sys/i386/isa/npx.c                                        1.152.4.1
RELENG_6
  src/sys/amd64/amd64/fpu.c                                     1.157.2.1
  src/sys/i386/isa/npx.c                                        1.162.2.2
RELENG_6_1
  src/UPDATING                                             1.416.2.22.2.1
  src/sys/conf/newvers.sh                                   1.69.2.11.2.1
  src/sys/amd64/amd64/fpu.c                                     1.157.6.1
  src/sys/i386/isa/npx.c                                    1.162.2.1.2.1
RELENG_6_0
  src/UPDATING                                             1.416.2.3.2.12
  src/sys/conf/newvers.sh                                    1.69.2.8.2.8
  src/sys/amd64/amd64/fpu.c                                     1.157.4.1
  src/sys/i386/isa/npx.c                                        1.162.4.1
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VII. References

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2006-1056

The latest revision of this advisory is available at
ftp://ftp.freebsd.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-06:14.fpu.asc

VIII. Acknowledgements

The FreeBSD Security Team would like to thank AMD, and Richard Brunner
specifically, for responding promptly to this issue and providing an
extensive response analyzing the problem.
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UNIRAS wishes to acknowledge the contributions of FreeBSD for the information 
contained in this Briefing. 
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This Briefing contains the information released by the original author. Some 
of the information may have changed since it was released. If the vulnerability 
affects you, it may be prudent to retrieve the advisory from the site of the
original source to ensure that you receive the most current information concerning 
that problem.

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and has contacts with other international Incident Response Teams (IRTs) in 
order to foster cooperation and coordination in incident prevention, to prompt 
rapid reaction to incidents, and to promote information sharing amongst its 
members and the community at large. 
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<End of UNIRAS Briefing>

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